Broadband Internet Information

Some DSL Broadband Definitions

Often too many people get confused with all the definitions, here we have explained in easy to understand terms.

Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line - asymmetric meaning it's faster downstream than upstream.

Advanced Services Access Manager -Whether you have a DSLAM or ASAM in your exchange doesn't really matter. They do the same thing. See DSLAM's as well.

Asynchronous Transfer Mode - a method of encapsulation which is capable of many virtual circuits. With these, providers (ISP's) can split an ATM connection (155Mbit or 622Mbit) up into many connections. ATM isn't just used for DSL but in the case of DSL it's used to provision each customer.

Contention Ratios:
A contention ratio is the number of users to xMbit of bandwidth. For example some providers offer 2Mbit DSL, with a ratio of 50:1, meaning 50 users to 1Mbit of bandwidth.

Customer Premises Equipment, the term that describes the equipment used on the customer end of a connection, for example your DSL modem/router or cable modem.

Digital Subscriber Line.

Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer - They are placed in DSL enabled Telecomm exchanges, when your modem syncs up and the DSL light comes on, it means you are connected. When data travels down your connection, it goes from the CPE -> DSLAM -> RAN -> ISP

Edge Routing Exchange. See RAN.

Telecommunications backhaul networks for carrying traffic from the customer to the ISP, i.e. carrying traffic from RAN's to ISP's.

Ping or Latency:
A ping measures the time in milliseconds that it takes for a packet to travel from your computer to a remote computer and back to you again. Just because you can't ping a given host, quite a lot of providers are beginning to filter ICMP (pings come under this protocol) traffic because it is commonly used to attack hosts and wastes a lot of bandwidth. Many providers also give low priority to ping (ICMP) traffic which may mean your ping at a command line isn't very good, but in say a game, things may be fine.

Regional Access Node These aggregates many DSLAM's connections and then feed the data to an ISP

Round Trip Time - the time it takes in milliseconds for a packet to go from A to B and back again. See ping.

Symmetrical Digital Subscriber Line - symmetrical meaning the same speed up and down.


There is a major difference between UPPER and lowercase

MB = MegaBytes
Mb = Megabits
kB = KiloBytes
kb = Kilobits

MB/s = MegaBytes per second
Mb/s = Megabits per second
kB/s = KiloBytes per second
kb/s = Kilobits per second

There is 8bits to a Byte, 8kb = 1kB

1Meg connections only transfer at 128kB/sec or an 8Mb connection only transfers at 1024kB/sec or 1MB/s

Private Mail Services

Improvements in rural broadband internet access important to Iowans  KGAN TV

Governor Kim Reynolds Condition of the state address continues her push to provide rural Iowans with high speed internet to make sure there is equal access to ...

House of Delegates advances new bill to expand broadband internet in West Virginia  WTRF

A new bill aimed at expanding high-speed wireless and broadband internet development in West Virginia has advanced in the House of Delegates.

20% Of Alaskans Don’t Have Access To Broadband Internet. This Satellite Startup Aims To Change That.  Forbes

Andreessen Horowitz-backed internet satellite startup Astranis signed a deal with Pacific Dataport to deliver high-speed satellite internet to the entire state of ...

Groundwater conservation, broadband internet top Buda's legislative priorities  Hays Free Press

New groundwater conservation technologies and the possibility of cities providing broadband internet are two legislative items Buda city leaders could...

Why These Utilities Are Dialing Up Efforts To Bring High-Speed Internet To Rural America  HuffPost

Even the cellular *service* is bad. We literally have to call to say, 'I sent you an email.'”

Rural Broadband Internet Bill Passes House 115 to 3

By Alyssa Schnugg News Editor A Rural Broadband Internet bill that will allow electric power associations to provide internet ...

If you think you have issues with your broadband internet, you’re not alone  Rochester Democrat and Chronicle

Dreams of a better lifestyle in a rural setting collide with patchy and subpar internet connectivity. Advocates argue its harming rural business potential.

South Dakota Above Average in Broadband Internet Use  WNAX

South Dakota is in pretty good shape for broadband internet access. Governor Kristi Noem made expanding that access a priority in her State of the State ...

Broadband Expansion Act passes first hurdle | News, Sports, Jobs  The Daily Times

CHARLESTON — Piggy-backing off of last year's efforts to promote expansion of high-speed internet in West Virginia, a new bill plans to give financial incen.

Study finds Baraboo broadband access trails national average

In Baraboo, nearly 89 percent of residents have access to wired broadband. That's better than the averages for Sauk County (84 percent ) and Wisconsin (87), ...

Inslee touts rural Internet as boost to farm economy  Capital Press

OLYMPIA — Calling high-speed Internet a "public necessity," Washington Gov. Jay Inslee highlighted Wednesday a plan to bring broadband *service* to more ...

Students getting more access to broadband Internet at home  WTRF

Many schools are now giving out tablets and laptops for students to take home and work on their schoolwork. However, not every student's home has broadband ...

Tyler acquires added city-wide broadband access | News, Sports, Jobs  Marshall Independent

TYLER — An expansion of broadband Internet possibilities in Tyler is scheduled to take place this year. The community will be offered city-wide broadband se.

New Georgia Legislation Could Expand Broadband Service  Government Technology

About 16 percent of Georgia households lack high-speed Internet access, but a new bill would allow power and telecom companies to start selling *service* in ...

Minnesota legislators look expand internet access  The Telegraph

While cities and towns in Koochiching County might have fast and reliable internet *service*, large parts of the northern Minnesota region currently have no good ...

Electric cooperatives might provide broadband internet in the near future  WTVA

COLUMBUS, Miss. (WTVA) - Public *Service* Commissioner Brandon Presley is pushing for broadband high-speed internet to be in all areas of Mississippi, ...

Fauquier student shares broadband woes with Microsoft panel  Fauquier Times

McKenzie Hurley, a Fauquier High School sophomore, recently participated in a panel discussion about how a lack of access to broadband internet affects ...

Internet service for rural Georgia could come from power companies  Atlanta Journal Constitution

Power and phone companies could begin selling internet *service* in rural areas that lack high-speed access, according to bills introduced this week in the ...

Governor announces grants available for broadband internet expansion  The Daily Nonpareil

Up to $1.3 million in grants are available to areas looking to expand broadband internet access.

ImOn will start providing broadband internet to Iowa City homes  Little Village

Iowa City residents will be getting a new option for broadband internet starting later this year. Cedar Rapids-based ImOn Communications announced on ...

Why even the most ambitious broadband bill at the Legislature still won't bring speedy internet to all Minnesotans  MinnPost

While cities and towns in Koochiching County might have fast and reliable internet *service*, large parts of the northern Minnesota region currently have no good ...

Longmont Community Foundation offers free internet to low-income families with children in school  Longmont Times-Call

Starting March 1, Sharing the NextLight will provide 20 families with a free 25 megabit NextLight connection with a built-in wireless router, normally priced at ...

Broadband expert says USDA shutdown is hurting rural internet expansion  StateScoop

The government's partial shutdown may affect communities seeking grants, though experts say more technical help is available today than ever before.

Quarter of state households still without broadband Internet  Arkansas Online

Arkansas, a pioneer in providing schools access to broadband Internet, remained second-to-last in providing broadband Internet to households in 2017, ...

Report details broadband internet in Williamson | News  Williamson Daily News

Williamson Daily NewsBroadbandNow, a resource started in 2014 that aims to help people in the U.S. get better connected to the internet, has released a 2018 ...

Best States for Internet Access | Best States  U.S. News & World Report

The prevalence of smartphones and other mobile devices has made it easy for Americans to be connected to the internet; 77 percent of Americans go online on ...

High-speed internet on Inslee's wishlist for Washington state  KUOW News and Information

Washington's governor wants the state to start treating the internet like it treats electricity: as a necessity. This may be unfamiliar in tech-friendly Seattle.

BlueTown and Microsoft to connect 800000 in Ghana to broadband internet  Telecompaper

Denmark-based Bluetown has announced a new agreement with Microsoft that will provide broadband internet access to approximately 800000 unserved ...

Warren Petryk: Let's keep expanding broadband in Wisconsin  Chippewa Herald

Broadband internet access expansion has always been a priority for me and to the people of the 93rd Assembly District. According to a recent report by the ...

Nonprofit releases guidebook to help cities become 'broadband ready'  Smart Cities Dive

As more cities look to expand broadband internet options, the nonprofit Next Century Cities has released the policy guide "Becoming Broadband Ready," which ...

Expansion of Broadband Internet Access Needs More Funding  WNAX

Advocates want 35 million dollars a year ongoing funding from the state to expand broadband Internet access in rural Minnesota, and bills have been introduced ...

Thompson School District's internet problems may see improvement with city of Loveland-owned broadband  Loveland Reporter-Herald

It probably is not news to many students and teachers that the internet speeds at Thompson School District schools are notoriously slow.

The Fight for Change: 10 Missouri Schools Have No Broadband Access  AgWeb

Connectivity to rural broadband is a pain point for communities across the U.S.. Farmers and ranchers – who thrive on technology and data- sometimes struggle ...

New Mexico ranks among the states least connected to broadband  Las Cruces Sun-News

New Mexico ranks No. 48 in percentage of households with broadband Internet subscriptions in 2016.

Liberals look to infrastructure bank to finance rural, remote broadband internet  Daily Commercial News

OTTAWA - The federal infrastructure minister says he is looking to connect private backers with some of the country's rural and northern communities to pay for ...

1Tennessee Selects Harmonic's CableOS™ Solution to Deliver 1 Gig Broadband Offering Over DOCSIS 3.1  Broadcasting & Cable

Harmonic (NASDAQ: HLIT) today announced that 1Tennessee, a broadband internet, TV and telecomm cooperative in Tennessee, has deployed Harmonic's ...

Two easy, uncontroversial steps toward bridging the broadband gap  Washington Examiner

By 1930, only 10 percent of our nation's farms had electricity. Nearly 100 years later, rural America is living through another technological divide — the rural ...

5 steps to a quicker internet

Make your broadband faster in five easy steps. Follow these top tips from the GHI are get quicker wi-fi.

Brooksville, Deer Isle awarded community broadband grants | Island Ad-Vantages  Penobscot Bay Press

The Maine Community Foundation has awarded $15000 to Brooksville to assist with the digital literacy component of the town's overall broadband project, and ...

The FCC's Classification of Mobile Broadband Ignores Technology, History, and Common Sense  Benton Foundation

Monday, January 14, 2019. Digital Beat. The FCC's Classification of Mobile Broadband Ignores Technology, History, and Common Sense. This article is based ...

SpaceX is slashing jobs as customers hit pause on big-satellite launches  Lincoln Journal Star

In announcing layoffs last week, SpaceX pointed to its bid for riskier markets — providing broadband internet via thousands of small satellites and building a ...

House votes to let co-ops offer rural internet - Daily Leader  Dailyleader

Both of Lincoln County's representatives on Tuesday voted in favor of a measure that will allow the state's electric cooperatives to offer high-speed internet.

Smith column: USDA broadband initiative ignores major barrier...  Superior Telegram

Rural communities are increasingly depending on high-speed internet to complete an education and talk to their doctors. Meanwhile, connecting to broadband ...

Microcom founder launches new satellite broadband project

Pacific Dataport Inc., a two-year old company created by Micorocom, will launch expanded broadband *service* in Alaska in 2020 that will boost access in rural ...

How TV White Space Internet will Bridge the Global Digital Divide: Dr. Rouzbeh Yassini in Conversation  eLearningInside News

In order for the widespread adoption of TVWS internet, according to Yassini, the same steps that made cable viable in the '80s and '90s need to happen.

SpaceX slashing jobs as satellite launches face a squeeze  San Francisco Chronicle

In announcing layoffs last week, SpaceX pointed to its bid for riskier markets — providing broadband internet via thousands of small satellites and building a ...

BT forcing super-fast broadband customers to pay for landlines they don't need  The Telegraph

BT is selling broadband customers deals which include landlines they do not need, it can be revealed. New top of the range "full fibre" broadband connections ...

North Central, WV, leads state in economic progress  WV News

CLARKSBURG — North Central West Virginia continues to lead the state in economic progress, according to local experts.

Ontonagon getting broadband service | News, Sports, Jobs  Daily Mining Gazette

ONTONAGON — The Village Council agreed to the contract with Northern Michigan University's expanded wireless internet *service*, called LTE System.

Analyzing Koninklijke KPN (KKPNF) and Internet Gold Golden Lines (IGLD)  Fairfield Current

Internet Gold Golden Lines (NASDAQ:IGLD) and Koninklijke KPN (OTCMKTS:KKPNF) are both computer and technology companies, but which is the superior ...

How former analog TV frequencies are improving rural broadband internet

Rural areas like Door and Kewaunee counties could get consistent access to broadband internet via the frequencies that local television stations gave up after ...

Bill: Let Mississippi electric cooperatives offer internet  WJBF-TV

A measure to allow Mississippi electric cooperatives to offer high-speed internet is taking its first step forward.

Wicker to oversee internet privacy, broadband, NASA and interstate trade as new Commerce chairman  Mississippi Today

WASHINGTON D.C. — Passing a federal internet privacy policy will be a top priority for the Senate this year, according to U.S. Sen. Roger Wicker, who was ...

Big Cable’s ‘10G’ campaign betrays a fear of wireless 5G  The Verge

5G networks are poised to be a big thing, with promises of big speed boosts that some think may even one day be able to compete with traditional broadband ...

Broadband access: Confusing desires with human rights  Rochester Democrat and Chronicle

Seems like we can't live without a broadband connection to the internet anymore. In the early 2000s, big telecom companies were investing to extend ...

USDA rural broadband investment tops $200 million in 2018  Des Moines Register

36 rural projects received funding from the USDA for high speed internet in 2018.

Reynolds tells lawmakers: Let's spend more on mental health, rural Internet, housing  Des Moines Register

Among the proposals in Gov. Kim Reynolds' Condition of the State address were funding for mental health, rural Internet access and workforce housing.

Lynchburg business owner announces run for House of Delegates 22nd District  WSET

LYNCHBURG, Va. (WSET) -- A Lynchburg consultant has announced this week that she will be running for the House of Delegates 22nd District on the ...

Gov. Inslee announcing proposed statewide broadband policy | KIRO-TV  KIRO Seattle

Gov. Jay Inslee is announcing his proposed statewide broadband policy Wednesday morning.

Grand County entities explore fiber options to expand, improve internet  Sky Hi News

A new project to expand and improve broadband internet is coming to Grand County later this year through a partnership with the Northwest Colorado Council of ...

Lack of funding poses challenges for expanding broadband access in Pa. | News

(Undated) -- A group representing rural Pennsylvanians says expanding high speed broadband internet access in the state needs to be a priority this year, but ...

The FCC's Restoring Internet Freedom Order is Ignorant of and Conflicts With the Internet's Architecture  Benton Foundation

This article is based on a law review paper, Broadband Internet Access *Service* is a Telecommunications *Service*, which will soon appear in the Federal ...

Local news in Louisa County and Lake Anna  The Central Virginian

The impact of President Trump's tariffs hit Louisa County's broadband internet project last week as the cost of a tower at Trevilians Elementary School spiked.

PCCW (PCCWY) versus LICT (LICT) Financial Survey  Fairfield Current

PCCW (OTCMKTS:PCCWY) and LICT (OTCMKTS:LICT) are both computer and technology companies, but which is the superior investment? We will contrast ...

Last Mile grant to fund broadband network in Worthington  GazetteNET

WORTHINGTON – It has been a long haul for Worthington residents to secure broadband internet services, but they are one step closer after the Massachusetts ...

Liberals Want Infrastructure Bank To Help Fund Rural Broadband Internet  HuffPost Canada

OTTAWA — The federal infrastructure minister says he is looking to connect private backers with some of the country's rural and northern communities to pay for ...

Milton, Ind., to Expand Its Fiber Footprint  Government Technology

The local investment will give 3800 residents access to high-speed Internet in an area that has struggled to escape the days of dial-up *service*.

USDA broadband initiative provides hope, ignores major barrier  Elko Daily Free Press

Rural communities are increasingly depending on hi-speed internet to complete an education and talk to their doctors. Meanwhile, connecting to broadband ...

More broadband needed  Arkansas Democrat-Gazette

STATE LIKE Arkansas with plenty of rural spaces, has its advantages. There are beautiful areas for hunting, hiking and fishing. Try camping near Mena.

The former homeless man bringing web access to the Bronx  BBC News

The digital divide - the economic gap between those with internet access and those without - is a growing problem throughout the world, and not just in ...

Submitted Story: Rural areas still unplugged (1/14/19)  Southeast Missourian

I am blessed to live in an area that allows me to connect with my friends, family and TV shows through broadband internet. I love being able to talk to my family ...

Smyth County is striving to expand broadband access  Southwest Virginia Today

Access to broadband internet is argued to be a necessity now, and efforts are under way to give more Smyth County residents the opportunity to connect.

High-speed internet effort rapidly advancing in county  Courier Press

The newly created Crawford County Communications Cooperative (3C Co-op) is certainly going full steam ahead to bring broadband internet to the rural parts of ...

01/10/2019 | County Moves Ahead With Broadband Feasibility Study | News Ocean City MD  The Dispatch

SNOW HILL – The Worcester County Commissioners agreed this week to seek proposals for a broadband feasibility study. Following a November discussion.

Eutelsat's Konnect Africa Launches Internet Access Offerings in Côte d'Ivoire  Sports Video Group

Konnect Africa, an initiative of the satellite operator Eutelsat dedicated to satellite broadband on the African continent, announces the launch of its Internet ...

CPUC Greenlights Bright Fiber Network Internet Project  YubaNet

SAN FRANCISCO, Calif. January 11, 2019 – Yesterday, the California Public Utilities Commission (Commission) voted to approve the purchase of Bright Fiber ...

T-Mobile’s 5G Network Is Now Live, But You Can’t Use It Yet  Cord Cutters News, LLC

This week T-Mobile announced that they have launched a 5G network in 30 cities but not for consumers. T-Mobile is proud to announce that the network is live, ...

Isotropic Systems gains Boeing as investor, partner on satellite user terminals  SpaceNews

WASHINGTON — Isotropic Systems, a startup developing modular antenna systems for satellite communications, has raised $14 million from a group of ...

Court Signals Green Light for Net Neutrality Argument  Broadcasting & Cable

It looks as though oral argument in the Mozilla et al. challenge to the FCC's Restoring Internet Freedom order rollback, Title II-based network neutrality ...

Polk commissioner attends state leaders conference - The Tryon Daily Bulletin  Tryon Daily Bulletin

RALEIGH — Polk County Commissioner Jake Johnson attended the North Carolina Association of County Commissioners Legislative Goals Conference in ...

Rural Broadband Advocates Push For $35 Million To Expand Internet Access  Voice Of Alexandria

(Saint Paul, MN) -- Advocates are asking state lawmakers for 35 million dollars a year to expand broadband Internet access in rural Minnesota.

Panel: Progress slow on rural broadband access  Central Penn Business Journal

C. Sherman Allen finds himself getting up at 4 a.m. to send emails and use the internet because his connection might not work later in the day from his home in ...

Broadband Internet Market | Growth, Trends and Forecast (2019 – 2025)  The BMRC News

Market Stats Report Announces another top to bottom industry research that spotlights on Broadband Internet Market, conveys itemized examination of the ...

New Microsoft data highlights spotty broadband access across Idaho  Post Register

Recently released data from Microsoft indicated that more than 60 percent of Idaho's population does not have access to broadband internet speeds.

Ottawa searching for private backers to fund broadband internet connections for rural and northern communities  Toronto Star

OTTAWA—The federal infrastructure minister says he is looking to connect private backers with some of the country's rural and northern communities to pay for ...

Reliance Jio's cheap data is killing broadband internet in India  Quartz

For all the noise around its internet-savvy population, India's broadband subscriber base grew at its slowest pace in five years in 2018. Users of fixed and ...

Electric Utility to Bring 3250 Miles of Broadband to Rural Pennsylvania  Efficient Gov

With federal funding won through an FCC auction, a regional electric cooperative will bring broadband to more than 16000 customers in rural Pennsylvania.

California Could Soon Have Its Own Version of the Internet  WIRED

The Chinese internet is not like the internet in the rest of the world. More than 150 of the world's 1,000 most popular internet sites are blocked in China, including ...

China launches its first satellite for space-based broadband internet  Big News Network

As part of its ambitious Hongyun project that was unveiled in September 2016 China announced the successful launch of its first communication satellite.

Eutelsat Communications: Konnect Africa to Conquer the Ivorian Market for High-Speed Satellite Internet Access  Business Wire

PARIS & ABIDJAN, Côte d'Ivoire--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Regulatory News: “ remain and Konnect Africa's complementary offer addresses this lack of connectivity.

KT Corp (KT) Given Consensus Rating of “Hold” by Brokerages  Fairfield Current

KT Corp (NYSE:KT) has been assigned a consensus rating of “Hold” from the eight research firms that are presently covering the company, Marketbeat reports.

A year after net-neutrality’s repeal, the Internet is alive and well — and faster than ever  The Boston Globe

HERE'S A PIECE of news you may have missed: The internet is getting faster. The technology news website Recode reported this month that “US internet ...

B Communications (BCOM) and INMARSAT PLC/ADR (IMASY) Financial Comparison  Fairfield Current

B Communications (NASDAQ:BCOM) and INMARSAT PLC/ADR (OTCMKTS:IMASY) are both utilities companies, but which is the superior business? We will ...

VMEU Telecommunication Meeting moves forward with plans for Broadband

Tuesday evening, the VMEU subcommittee met to continue to make plans for the telecommunication project. To date, there have been 14 contractors that came ...

Just as BT's broadband hits top speed, its call blocker breaks down  The Times

BT customers who have upgraded to the latest superfast internet have found they are no longer able to block unwanted phone calls. The telecoms giant has ...

Bright Fiber high-speed internet project approved for Nevada County  The Union of Grass Valley

The California Public Utilities Commission on Thursday unanimously approved the Bright Fiber high-speed internet project.The commission's vote means a $16 ...

Jerrod Smith Announces Candidacy for Albemarle County Board of Supervisors  NBC 29 News

An Albemarle County native is starting up a campaign to represent the county's Rivanna District. Jerrod Smith announced on Friday, January 18, that he's ...

Top Scenario: TV White Space Spectrum Market by Key Players: Telcordia Technologies, Inc., Carlson Wireless Technologies, Inc., Spectrum Bridge Inc. - Press Release  Digital Journal

This press release was orginally distributed by SBWire. Sarasota, FL -- (SBWIRE) -- 01/19/2019 -- Global TV White Space Spectrum Market: Overview.

An internet provider won millions for broadband expansion. Its target is rural Missouri  The Salem News

An Illinois-based internet provider has a lofty task ahead: expanding broadband availability across the Midwest.

Mortal Kombat 11 PC Price, Editions, System Requirements Revealed  NDTV

Mortal Kombat 11, which is an upcoming game that's a part of the long-running and popular fighting game series, is now listed on Steam and that gives us some ...

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