Language Information


Teaching Reading to English Language Learners


There is an increasing amount of English language learners represented in our schools for whom a unique approach to developing literacy is necessary. The development of literacy by English language learners (ELLs) includes all of the challenges implicit for English speaking children literacy attainments, and is additionally compounded by a diversity of linguistic, cognitive and academic variables.

In general, the following are critical variables that need to be targeted in effective reading instruction:

Phonemic awareness, phonics, vocabulary development, reading fluency, including oral reading skills, and reading comprehension strategies. The National Research Council's Committee on the Prevention of Reading Difficulties in Young Children recently completed the most authoritative, comprehensive review of the research on normal reading development and instruction and on preventing reading difficulties in young children1. This study documented a number of important findings about teaching English reading to language-minority children. These include:

- English-speaking children making initial attempts at reading understand, if they are successful, the products of their efforts; they read words they know and sentences they understand, and?can self-correct efficiently. Non-English speakers have a more limited basis for knowing whether their reading is correct because the crucial meaning-making process is short circuited by lack of language knowledge.

- Giving a child initial reading instruction in a language that he or she does not yet speak can undermine the child's chance to see literacy as a powerful form of communication by knocking the support of meaning out from underneath the process of learning.

- Initial reading instruction in the first language does no harm. To the contrary, it seems likely both from research findings and from theories about literacy development that initial reading instruction in the second language can have negative consequences for immediate and long-term achievement. Primary language and reading literacy is critical and should be strongly encouraged.

It was highly recommended that "initial literacy instruction in a child's native language whenever possible" and suggested that "literacy instruction should not be introduced in any language before some reasonable level of oral proficiency in that language has been attained."

On the question of which language to use when teaching English language learners to read, the committee recommended the following guidelines:

- If language minority children arrive at school with no proficiency in English but speaking a language for which there are instructional guides, learning materials, and locally available proficient teachers, then these children should be taught how to read in their native language while acquiring proficiency in spoken English, and then subsequently taught to extend their skills to reading in English.

- If these second language children arrive at school with no proficiency in English but speak a language for which the above conditions cannot be met and for which there are insufficient numbers of children to justify the development of the local community to meet such conditions, the instructional priority should be to develop the children's proficiency in spoken English. Although print materials may be used to develop understanding of English speech sounds, vocabulary, and syntax, the postponement of formal reading instruction is appropriate until an adequate level of proficiency in spoken English has been achieved. In other words, the instructional priority need to be to develop spoken oral English prior to attempting to facilitate reading in English.

This author has used this approach with many second language children and has developed effective methods to facilitate literacy in English language learners based on these recommendations which have been associated with high levels of efficacy.

Deborah Jill Chitester received her Masters of Science in Speech-Language Pathology from Adelphi University in New York and was granted her Certificate of Clinical Competence (C.C.C) by the American Speech and Hearing Association (ASHA). She has 10+ years experience working with all age levels both mono-lingual and Spanish speaking, having received special certification by the State of New York as a Bilingual (English/Spanish) Speech-Language Pathologist. Deborah has worked with all age levels and all disabilities. She began her practice in New York, where she worked with both private patients as well as with the major school systems and corporations.

In her practice, Second Language, Literacy and Learning Conection LLC she treats both monolingual and Spanish speaking clients of all ages and disabilities and utilizes some of the latest computer based treatment especially designed to promote optimal language development. Her expertise in second language learning is extensive and as such, she is currently publishing a resource guide to be used by educators in "connecting" with ELLs.


MORE RESOURCES:
Do You Speak My Language? You Should  The New York Times

In an increasingly global world, Americans should be adding, not slashing, opportunities for their children to learn another tongue.


All the info our brain needs for language nearly fits on a floppy disk  New Scientist News

By Chelsea Whyte. As you learn your first language, your brain stores about 1.5 megabytes of information – just a little over the amount that would fill a floppy ...


Swift, Apple's language of choice, gets a major refresh  ZDNet

With all the other Apple news, you may have missed that Apple released the latest version of its Swift programming language: Swift 5.0.


Quest presentation to highlight project to preserve Kiowa language  SUNY Oswego

A SUNY Oswego faculty-student team is trying to help preserve a Native American language, Kiowa, with only about 10 fluent speakers remaining.


Which are the most insecure languages?  ZDNet

WhiteSource review of programming language security errors reveal which languages have the most security holes. The winner? C. But that's only the start of ...


Lawyers warned to watch their language in Kentucky abortion case  CBS News

A federal judge in Kentucky has cautioned lawyers to watch their language in their bitter legal feud over abortion — this time over a lawsuit challenging two new ...


Study Abroad for Grown Ups? Luxurious Language Immersions Are the New Rosetta Stone  Robb Report

Fluenz and other programs will take you on a luxurious vacation—and teach you a new language along the way.


Language Requirement for EU Workers Struck Down  Courthouse News Service

(CN) – Requiring applicants seeking work at EU government institutions to be proficient in either English, French or German as a second language is ...


Gonzaga forward Rui Hachimura's confidence in a new language and a new game is growing  Los Angeles Times

Three years ago, Rui Hachimura traveled to this strange, new land as a Japanese teenager who spoke barely any English. Today, the 6-foot-8 Gonzaga forward ...


Math — not computer science — was Grace Hopper's first language  Yale News

For her work in computer science, Grace Hopper '30 M.A., '34 Ph.D. has been called the “queen of code.” Yet beneath that crown was the brain of a ...


Pediatricians should encourage parents to use their home language with their children, says researcher  Medical Xpress

Because of our unique demographics, Miami is poised to be the greatest bilingualism-promoter in the United States.


EU institutions can’t discriminate based on language, court rules  POLITICO.eu

European Court of Justice finds fault with recruitment process for Parliament drivers.


Emoji license plates show technology has simplified our language. But is that really a bad thing?  The Next Web

We've reached a new level of descent into the world of emoji-based interactions. Starting March 1 of this year, drivers in Queensland, Australia will be able to ...


Nunavut language conference puts spotlight on Inuktut  Nunatsiaq News

Newspaper of record for Nunavut, and the Nunavik territory of Quebec.


Groveport Madison kindergarten teacher suspended over improper contact, language  The Columbus Dispatch

A Groveport Madison kindergarten teacher was placed on paid administrative leave this week, accused of improper physical contact and language toward two ...


Ktunaxa Nation holds first language summit since 2011  Kimberley Bulletin

The Ktunaxa Nation hosted two summits this week, one focusing on the youth and another focused on the Ktunaxa language — the first language-based summit ...


No school with Ukrainian language of instruction left in occupied Crimea – human rights activists  UNIAN

No school with the Ukrainian language of instruction has been left in Russia-occupied Crimea. The number of classes with the Ukrainian language of instruction ...


Super Brick Reveals How His Relationship Inspired Kehlani's "Love Language"  HipHopDX

Super Brick spoke to HipHopDX about how his real life love story inspired Kehlani's Love Language track from her While We Wait album.


The man bringing dead languages back to life  BBC News

Ghil'ad Zuckermann has found that resurrecting lost languages may bring many benefits to indigenous populations – with knock-on effects for their health and ...


Judge schedules abortion lawsuit hearing, warns parties to mind their language  Courier Journal

A federal judge scheduled a hearing Friday on an ACLU challenge to Kentucky's two new controversial abortion laws.


Herstory, heterosexism and homonationalism: University ‘language guide’ ignites free speech battle  RT

Massachusetts' Amherst College has drawn criticism for publishing a 'language guide' to the latest social justice buzzwords. The ensuing fiasco is the latest ...


You can now get paid $53 an hour to teach the High Valyrian language from 'Game of Thrones'  INSIDER

Calling all "Game of Thrones" linguists. You could be turning your passion into profit by teaching like-minded Thrones fans the language of Essos.


Scottish Rite Language Center Receives Generous Donation  SweetwaterNOW.com

Marcia Volner presents Scott Kitchner with a $1,000 check from the Women's Club of Rock Springs for the Scottish Rite Language Center. ROCK SPRINGS ...


Cree NHL broadcast puts spotlight on language survival  Net Newsledger

WINNIPEG – Kociw! Pihtokwahew! He shoots! He scores! On Sunday, on Rogers Hometown Hockey from Enoch Cree Nation (just outside of Edmonton), ...


Groveport-Madison teacher on leave after improper language, physical contact with two students  10TV

COLUMBUS — A Groveport Madison teacher remains on paid administrative leave after being accused of being “excessively harsh” and using improper ...


Does the language of digital transformation need to change?  Econsultancy

Digital transformation has been called “business' biggest buzzword”. Could the term itself be hindering businesses' efforts to transform?


A change in our diets may have changed human languages  National Geographic

You might be able to thank agriculture for a rise in the use of "f" and "v" sounds, a controversial new study suggests.


House Republicans endorse hate crimes language that pleases governor, but not biz groups  Indiana Lawyer

Indiana House Republicans approved hate crimes language Monday that references a list of victims against whom crimes could qualify for harsher penalties ...


Edtech startups speak local language for better reach  Economic Times

NEW DELHI: Going local is the way forward for educational technology firms such as Byju's, Simplilearn, Toppr and Brainly as they are focusing on new offerings ...


Irish language still resonates powerfully | Letters | Education  The Guardian

Letters: Colonisers used Ireland as a testing ground, says Brendan Kelleher, as Jane Foxworthy detects English admiration for foreign language ability.


Partner's New Song Is A French Language Power Ballad  Clash Magazine

Partner have shared their first ever French language song. The Canadian group decided to explore the French language, and specifically within a power ballad ...


High School Students Try to Save Mandarin Language Classes  U.S. News & World Report

A Mandarin paper written by Barnstable High School junior Maddie Sawyer looks impossibly complex, filled with Chinese characters that are a world away from ...


12 ways to use tech in your world languages course  Education Dive

In a world that is more connected than ever, learning another language is more valuable than ever. With just one click we can talk to someone in another country ...


NY DREAM Act put on hold because of broad language  WHEC

A bill that would use tax dollars to help undocumented immigrants in New York state pay for college has been put on hold because it contains language that ...


The Language of Birds by Jill Dawson – review  The Guardian

The story of Lord Lucan inspires a novel that gives voice to the victim.


Learn a new language in 10 minutes per day with Mondly  Popular Science

Enjoy lifetime language learning for just $59 and learn a new language in 10 minutes per day with Mondly.


Foreign Language Day introduces students to global cultures  KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

Learning a new language is not only about vocabulary. It means learning a new culture and learning a new way of thinking. Kennesaw State's Department of ...


Lori Lightfoot's airing first Spanish-language ad of Chicago mayoral runoff campaign  Chicago Tribune

Attorney Lori Lightfoot's mayoral campaign released the first Spanish-language TV ad of the runoff campaign Monday.


Revealed: Prince William Can Speak Five Foreign Languages  The Cheat Sheet

The Duke of Cambridge is the royal family's most impressive linguist. What languages does Prince William speak? Find out, here.


Levity Live And Adelante Management Group Announce The Improv All Spanish Language Comedy Tour  PRNewswire

LOS ANGELES, March 26, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Levity Live, the largest provider of live comedy in the U.S., and Adelante Management Group, the largest ...


Snicket? Chuggy-pig? There's a whole new language out there, just waiting to be discovered  Telegraph.co.uk

Despite growing up in Yorkshire, the fact I wasn't born there – and don't speak with the famous Yorkshire lilt – has always made me feel like something of an ...


These are the benefits of learning a second language  World Economic Forum

There seems to be a problem with language learning in much of the English-speaking world. That may be partly because English is the internet's lingua franca.


Will Mandarin be the next global language? | Opinion  Asia Times

China's future is by no means certain; whatever happens will have implications for the global linguistic order.


How your language reflects the senses you use  BBC News

Ever had difficulty naming a taste or smell? It may be due to the language you speak. And this could give us hidden insights into our cultures and communities.


Politifact, Telemundo team up for Spanish language fact-checking  Florida Phoenix

The Pulitzer-prize winning fact-checking site Politifact is partnering with Noticias Telemundo to offer fact-checking in Spanish. Noticias Telemundo has an ...


'Roots for tomorrow': Free online Chamorro language course  Marianas Variety

BEGINNING on April 1, Maryland-based Chamorro culture non-profit Hale' Para Agupa' will offer over 100 registrants a tuition-free, online “Chamorro Language ...


I fell in love with this language...on 'Sesame Street'  CNN

CNN Opinion asked readers to share their stories of multilingualism. Many wrote poignantly of how a mother tongue was a formative connection. They also ...


When Did the Verb “To Be” Enter the English Language?  JSTOR Daily

The most commonly used verb in the English language (and indeed many other languages) has a strange history. The fact that it has so many more forms than ...


Ilhan Omar Attacks Nancy Pelosi for 'Use of Language' Against BDS  Breitbart

Ilhan Omar attacked Nancy Pelosi after the latter criticized the anti-Israel "boycott, divestment, sanctions" (BDS) movement.


Is Computer Code a Foreign Language?  The New York Times

Maryland's legislature is considering a bill to allow computer coding courses to fulfill the foreign language graduation requirement for high school. A similar bill ...


Public Defenders Express Concerns Over Fertility Fraud Bill's Criminal Language  WBAA

Indiana public defenders raised concerns in a House committee Monday about language in a bill that creates criminal and civil penalties for fertility fraud.


Did Dietary Changes Bring Us ‘F’ Words? Study Tackles Complexities of Language’s Origins  The New York Times

Softer foods from agricultural lifestyles may have changed the human bite, making it easier to form certain sounds.


Rep. plans to rewrite language of bill that would limit boating hours on public inland lakes  WNEM Saginaw

A state representative said he is drafting new language for a bill he helped introduce that would limit the hours that boaters could be on public inland lakes.


TypeScript’s Quiet, Steady Rise Among Programming Languages  WIRED

Microsoft's programming language TypeScript has become one of the most popular languages among developers, at least according to a report published by ...


The internet is changing the way we preserve endangered languages  The Outline

The oldest continually occupied community in North America is a place in the deserts of New Mexico called Sky City, the original of the four villages that make up ...


How Many Languages Does the Royal Family Speak?  The Cheat Sheet

The royal family is chock full of linguists with bilingual and multilingual abilities. And, although many of them only speak one language, there are few that are ...


Language Interpreting Service Available At Oswego City Hall  Oswego Daily News

OSWEGO – Mayor Billy Barlow announced today (March 26) the launch of a language interpreting *service* for all city of Oswego departments. The *service* will ...


Grand Junction mayor apologizes for ballot language mistakes  KJCT8.com

Grand Junction Mayor Barbara Traylor Smith is apologizing for confusing language on Measures 2A, 2B & 2C.


Tiny new board is smaller than Raspberry Pi Zero and optimized to run Python programming language  TechRepublic

The Pyboard D-series' ace-in-the-hole is its efficiency, with the board running MicroPython, a version of the Python 3.4 customized to run on low-power ...


The Guardian view on language: the flesh made word  The Guardian

Editorial: Teeth and tongues make the sounds of our speech, but our humanity makes its meanings.


No habla español? How Netflix could transform the way we learn languages  The Guardian

Amid concern over the fall in pupils studying foreign languages, a new online tool has turned the streaming *service* into a classroom. James Tapper. Sat 2 Mar ...


Letter: Don't be ignorant to the benefits of foreign language  Deseret News

This is in response to a letter which appeared in the Deseret News about not requiring taking a foreign lanugage in school. The letter was written by Maren ...


Ask the employment experts: Is my language appropriate for the workplace?  SmartCompany.com.au

SmartCompany talks to a HR expert on how language can be interpreted in the workplace and how you can help set an appropriate tone for your small ...


EU job application process 'discriminatory': ECJ  DW (English)

Europe's top court has ruled that a language requirement for an EU driver job was discriminatory. Spain had challenged a requirement for applications to be ...


Thoughts on 'fallacy' of Language: Reiterating the ultimate tragedy of Mankind The Morung Express  Morung Express

Dr. Aniruddha BabarDept. of Political Science, Tetso College “The limits of my language mean the limits of my world.” -Ludwig Wittgenstein Do not talk.


'How learning a foreign language changed my life'  BBC News

Native English speakers on how their lives have been shaped by learning a second language.


Stream It Or Skip It: 'Mirage', Netflix's Spanish-Language Thriller About Time Travel and Missing Kids  Decider

Wondering if Mirage starring Adriana Ugarte and Chino Drain is worth your time? We have you covered. Here's Decider's review of Mirage on Netflix.


Food innovations changed our mouths, which in turn changed our languages  Ars Technica

Something deep in the history of the German language pulled speech sounds toward hisses rather than pops. Words like that and ship end with a small popping ...


Culture - How Brexit changed the English language  BBC News

Earlier in March, the British poet Brian Bilston published a new piece on Twitter. Entitled Meaningful Vote, it ends with the lines “How foolish, it seems/How ...


The influence of nutrition on the development of language  Innovation Origins

A team of researchers from the University of Zurich, two Max-Planck-Institutes, the University of Lyon and the Nanyang Technological University in Singapore ...


Language no legal barrier  Wairarapa Times Age

12:00 PM Monday Mar 25, 2019. Language no legal barrier. Gawith Burridge Lawyers' multi-lingual staff, from left, Charlotte Albagnac [Portuguese, Spanish], ...


Save UK's 'dwindling' language skills, say MPs and peers  BBC News

Schools should teach a language to pupils from age five to 18 to reverse a "disastrous" decline in language skills, say MPs and peers. It follows a BBC ...


ANA tasks members to write in local languages  Daily Sun

Association of Nigerian Authors (ANA) Kwara Chapter, has called on authors in the country to also write in local languages instead of English language alone.


Broadcaster who held onto his language through residential school to call NHL game in Cree  CBC.ca

Clarence Iron will call Sunday's game between the Montreal Canadiens and the Carolina Hurricanes in Plains Cree on APTN.


Languages are too big for academies to tame  The Economist

IT IS HARD to imagine now, but once upon a time a prominent writer in English envied the powerful role of an authoritarian French institution. The writer was ...


Microsoft's TypeScript programming language rising fast, almost makes top 10  ZDNet

Microsoft TypeScript is popular and it's here to stay as a prominent language, according to analyst RedMonk.


Google Assistant gets expanded language and device support  TechCrunch

At MWC Barcelona, Google today made a few announcements around its Assistant. A lot of these center around support for KaiOS, the operating system for ...


Android App Bundles Updated with New Languages API  ProgrammableWeb

Google hopes several *fresh* feature additions to Android App Bundles -- including a new API -- will convince more developers to adopt the modular platform.


Java 12: What's new in the latest version of the programming language?  TechRepublic

The latest release of the language promises a few notable improvements and is available to download from Oracle.


Language learning: German and French drop by half in UK schools  BBC News

Foreign language learning is at its lowest level in UK secondary schools since the turn of the millennium, with German and French falling the most. BBC analysis ...


Whitewashing Coercion with the Language of Civility  New Ideal

Marked deterioration in our political discussions and debates has sparked bipartisan calls for a return to civility. Others defend incivility as a legitimate means of ...


World Languages Day is back with new activities and exhibits for everyone  SIU News

CARBONDALE, Ill. — New exhibits, shows, lectures and presentations are on tap for the 45th World Languages Day at Southern Illinois University Carbondale.


Pete Buttigieg: Why would an American learn Norwegian?  BBC News

Democratic candidate Pete Buttigieg speaks Norwegian, and several other candidates in the 2020 race also speak a second language. But for presidential ...


Anyone Speak K’iche’ or Mam? Immigration Courts Overwhelmed by Indigenous Languages  The New York Times

As more migrants arrive from Central America, the system is ill-equipped to handle the influx of those speaking indigenous languages.


Brexit Britain cannot afford to be laissez-faire about its languages crisis  The Guardian

With Brexit looming, we must wake up to the huge benefits of multilingualism, says historian and author David Cannadine.


The 3 least secure programming languages  TechRepublic

In debates over the best and worst programming languages to learn, security is often a factor used to support one language or discredit another, according to a ...


Why You Should Stop Saying 'Committed Suicide'  HuffPost

Your words matter, especially when it comes to mental health. One phrase that you may not be aware is particularly egregious? “Committed suicide.”.


NYS Learner Permit Test Now Available in Two Additional Languages  wpdh.com

The learner permit test is now available in two additional languages. The test is now avaialble in 16 different languages. The New York State Department of ...


The universal language of hip hop: A night with Palestinian rapper Tamer Nafar : Music  Smile Politely - Champaign-Urbana's Online Magazine

On Monday evening, I attended My Life in Song, a discussion by Palestinian rapper Tamer Nafar hosted by Unit One/Allen Hall at the U of I. Nafar is from Lyd, ...


The power of language: we translate our thoughts into words, but words also affect the way we think  The Conversation - UK

Different languages have different ways of describing the world – and this in turn affects how speakers see the world.


Aundie Werner: How do speech-language pathologists support cancer patients?  Santa Ynez Valley News

QUESTION: What are speech-language pathologists and how do they support cancer patients?


Students Aim For 2-Language "Seal"  New Haven Independent

Nour Al Zouabi, a Syrian refugee, has come far fast in learning a new language — and is now about to prove her facility in two languages, as part of...


59 gravesites were vandalized with anti-Semitic symbols and language at a Massachusetts Jewish cemetery  CNN

Gravestones at the Hebrew Cemetery were marked with swastikas and derogatory phrases in black magic marker, the Fall River Police Department said.


Programming languages are now driven by corporations: Should we be worried?  InfoWorld

Today, seemingly the only way a new programming language hits the big time is with the generous backing of a megacorp.


How Yojiro Takita Overcame Culture Shock with the Chinese-language, ‘Silence of Smoke’  Hollywood Reporter

The Oscar-winning 'Departures' helmer Yojiro Takita co-wrote and directed Chinese-language drama 'Silence of Smoke' about a family of cake makers ...


'Our language is facing extinction': Tibetans in Australia fight to keep their language alive  SBS News

Tibetans in Australia have come together from all over the country to come up with a plan to save their language from dying out.


How language shapes the way we play  Eurogamer.net

The first English words I learned were "register" and "not yet". I didn't quite grasp their meaning at the time. I only knew that my CD-ROMs full of demos all ...


Liberals plan to revamp ACT language teaching  Sydney Morning Herald

The Liberals in Canberra have presented a plan to ramp up language teaching in the ACT. They say that some major languages aren't taught and should be ...


Taipei’s Club Scene Speaks Its Own Language  Papermag

And when Red Bull's 3Style DJ competition (think of it as the DJ Olympics — mix masters fly in from around the world to compete in a new location each year) ...


YouTuber Adam Neely explores language as universal music  UT The Daily Texan

Adam Neely, a bassist and YouTuber, explores how people perceive rhythm in language and music, illustrating how artists can draw musical inspiration from ...


home | site map
© 2007