Psychology Information


Metaphors of the Mind (Part I)


The brain (and, by implication, the Mind) has been compared to the latest technological innovation in every generation. The computer metaphor is now in vogue. Computer hardware metaphors were replaced by software metaphors and, lately, by (neuronal) network metaphors. Such attempts to understand by comparison are common in every field of human knowledge. Architects and mathematicians have lately come up with the structural concept of "tensegrity" to explain the phenomenon of life. The tendency of humans to see patterns and structures everywhere (even where there are none) is well documented and probably has its survival value added.

Another trend is to discount these metaphors as erroneous, irrelevant, or deceptively misleading. Yet, these metaphors are generated by the same Mind that is to be described by them. The entities or processes to which the brain is compared are also "brain-children", the results of "brain-storming", conceived by "minds". What is a computer, a software application, a communications network if not a (material) representation of cerebral events?

In other words, a necessary and sufficient connection must exist between ANYTHING created by humans and the minds of humans. Even a gas pump must have a "mind-correlate". It is also conceivable that representations of the "non-human" parts of the Universe exist in our minds, whether a-priori (not deriving from experience) or a-posteriori (dependent upon experience). This "correlation", "emulation", "simulation", "representation" (in short : close connection) between the "excretions", "output", "spin-offs", "products" of the human mind and the human mind itself - is a key to understanding it.

This claim is an instance of a much broader category of claims: that we can learn about the artist by his art, about a creator by his creation, and generally: about the origin by any of its derivatives, inheritors, successors, products and similes.

This general contention is especially strong when the origin and the product share the same nature. If the origin is human (father) and the product is human (child) - there is an enormous amount of data to be safely and certainly derived from the product and these data will surely apply to the origin. The closer the origin and the product - the more we can learn about the origin. The computer is a "thinking machine" (however limited, simulated, recursive and mechanical). Similarly, the brain is a "thinking machine" (admittedly much more agile, versatile, non-linear, maybe even qualitatively different). Whatever the disparity between the two (and there is bound to be a large one), they must be closely related to one another. This close relatedness is by virtue of two facts: (1) They are both "thinking machines" and, much more important: (2) the latter is the product of the former. Thus, the computer metaphor is unusually strong. Should an organic computer come to be, the metaphor will strengthen. Should a quantum computer be realized - some aspects of the metaphor will, undoubtedly, be enhanced.

By the way, the converse hypothesis is not necessarily true: that by knowing the origin we can anticipate the products. There are too many free variables here. The existence of a product "collapses" our set of probabilities and increases our knowledge - to use Bohr's metaphor.

The origin exists as a "wave function": a series of potentialities with attached probabilities, the potentials being the logically and physically possible products.

But what can be learned about the origin by a crude comparison to the product? Mostly traits and attributes related to structure and to function. These are easily observable. Is this sufficient? Can we learn anything about the "true nature" of the origin? The answer is negative. It is negative in general: we can not aspire or hope to know anything about the "true nature" of anything. This is the realm of metaphysics, not of physics. Quantum Mechanics provides an astonishingly accurate description of micro-processes and of the Universe without saying anything meaningful about both. Modern physics strives to predict rightly - rather to expound upon this or that worldview. It describes - it does not explain. Where interpretations are offered (e.g., the Copenhagen interpretation of Quantum Mechanics) they run into insurmountable obstacles and philosophical snags. Thus, modern science is metaphorical and uses a myriad of metaphors (particles and waves, to mention but two prominent ones). Metaphors have proven themselves to be useful scientific tools in the "thinking scientist's" kit.

Moreover, a metaphor can develop and its development closely traces the developmental phases of the origin. Take the computer software metaphor as an example:

At the dawn of computing the composition of software applications was serial, in machine language and with strict separation of data (called: "structures") and instruction code (called: "functions" or "procedures"). This was really a "biological" phase akin to the development of the embryonic brain (mind). The machine language closely matched the physical wiring of the hardware. In the case of biology, the instructions (DNA) are also insulated from the data (amino acids and other life substances). Databases were handled on a "listing" basis ("flat file"), were serial and had no intrinsic relationship to each other (an alphabetic order is an extrinsic order, imposed from the outside and existing only in the mind of the "imposer"). They were in the state of a substrate, ready to be acted upon. Only when "mixed" in the computer (as the application was run) did functions operate on structures.

This was, quite expectedly, followed by the "relational" organization of data (a primitive example of which is the spreadsheet). Data items were related to each other through mathematical formulas. This is the equivalent of the wiring of the brain, as the pregnancy progresses.

The latest evolutionary phase has been the OOPS (Object Oriented Programming Systems). Objects are modules which contain BOTH data and instructions in self contained units. The user is acquainted with the FUNCTIONS performed by these objects - but not with their STRUCTURE, INTERNAL COMMUNICATIONS AND PROCESSES. Objects, in other words, are "black boxes" (am engineering term). The programmer is unable to tell HOW the object does what it does, how does external, useful function arise from internal, hidden ones. Objects are epiphenomenal, emergent, phase transient. In short: much closer to reality as we came to describe it in modern physics.

Communication can be established among these black boxes - but it is not the communication (its speed or efficacy) that determine the overall efficiency of the system. It is the hierarchical and at the same time fuzzy organization of the objects which does the trick. Objects are organized in classes which define their (actualized and potential) properties. The object's behaviour (what it does and to what it is allowed to react) is defined by its very belonging to the class. Moreover, a principle of "inheritance" is in operation: objects can be organized in new (sub) classes, inherit all the definitions and characteristics of the original class plus new properties which distinguish it from its origin. In a way, these newly emergent classes are the products and the classes that they derived from are the origin. This process so closely resembles natural phenomena that it lends additional credibility to the metaphor.

Thus, classes can be used as building blocks. Their permutations define the set of all soluble problems. It can be proven that Turing Machines are a private instance of a general, much stronger, class theory (back to the Principia Mathematica). The integration of hardware (computer, brain) and software (computer applications, mind) is done through "framework applications" which adjust the two elements structurally and functionally. An equivalent must be found in the brain (a priori categories, a collective unconscious?).

We use the term evolution because one phase replaces another. Relational databases cannot be integrated with object oriented ones, for instance. To run Java applets, a "virtual machine" needs to be embedded in the operating system. These phases closely resemble the development of the brain-mind couplet.

When is a metaphor a good metaphor? When it teaches us something about the origin that could not have been gleaned without it. That it must possess some structural and functional resemblance we have already established. But this is not enough. This is merely the "quantitative, observational" aspect of the metaphor. There is also a qualitative one: it must be instructive, revealing, insightful, aesthetic, parsimonious - in short, it must establish a theory and the resulting hypotheses. A metaphor is a theory which is the result of given logical and aesthetic rules. It must be subjected to the rigorous testing demanded by science before it can be judged to be a reliable one.

If the software metaphor is correct, the brain must contain the following features:

  • Parity checks through back propagation of signals - the electrochemical signal in a neurone must move back (to its origin) and forward, simultaneously in order to establish a feedback parity loop

  • The neurone cannot be a binary (two state) machine (a quantum computer will be a multi-state one, for instance). It must have many levels of excitement (representation of information). The threshold ("all or nothing" firing") hypothesis must be wrong

  • Redundancy must be evident in all the aspects and dimensions of the brain and its activities: the hardware (different centres will perform similar tasks), communications (information transfer channels will be replicated and the same information will be simultaneously transferred over more than one as a basis for comparison), retrieval (data excitation will happen in a few spots at the same time) and usage of obtained data (through working, "upper" memory).

  • The basic concept of the working of the brain must be the comparison of "representation elements" to "models of the world". Thus, a coherent picture is obtained which allows for predictions and for manipulation of the environment in effective, result producing ways.

  • Many of the functions solved by the brain must be recursive. To a large extent, we could even half expect to find that we can reduce all the activities of the brain to computational, mechanically solvable, recursive functions. Should this happen, the brain will come to be regarded as a Turing Machine and the wildest dreams of Artificial Intelligence will come true. Until such time, however, a strong recursive streak should be evident in the operations of this magnificent contraption inside our heads.

  • The brain must be a learning, self organizing, entity.

Only if these six requirement are cumulatively met - can we say that the software metaphor is a strong one. Otherwise, we should be forced to neglect it in favour of a stronger one.

The brain is a paranoiac machine governed by Murphy's Laws. It assumes the worst, prepares for it and takes no chances. Precariously balanced, materially delicate, in charge of life itself it can - and does - take no chances.

About The Author

Sam Vaknin is the author of "Malignant Self Love - Narcissism Revisited" and the editor of mental health categories in The Open Directory, Suite101, and searcheurope.com.

His web site: http://samvak.tripod.com

Frequently asked questions regarding narcissism: http://samvak.tripod.com/faq1.html

Narcissistic Personality Disorder on Suite101: http://www.suite101.com/welcome.cfm/npd


MORE RESOURCES:
Emotional support animals can be a psychological crutch | Opinion  Florida Today

Congratulations to Walmart and other businesses that have common-sense policies concerning customers with pets. Unfortunately, more and more pet owners ...


Art & Soul: The Art Of Well Being - Benefits Of Positive Psychology And How To Apply It To Our Lives  WEMU

This week, "Art and Soul" focuses on the art of well being. 89.1 WEMU's Lisa Barry talks with Sarah Hong of Jewish Family Services of Washtenaw County.


7 Psychological Strategies to Strengthen Relationships  Psychology Today

There are a number of well-researched psychological strategies that can help strengthen your love relationships. Here are seven strategies, the psychology ...


The Psychology Behind Kids' L.O.L. Surprise! Doll Obsession  Mental Floss

How one toymaker cracked the code to make your kid beg for a pooping unicorn.


The Evolutionary Psychology Behind the LA Teachers' Strike  Psychology Today

We're a union just by sayin' so. —Jack Kelly, Newsies. Here, I'm going to make the case that union organizing and demonstrating is in our blood as a species.


Psychology's replication crisis is debunking embodied cognition theory  Quartz

Our thoughts are influenced by our bodies, but psychologists still haven't figured out how.


APA has new guidelines for psychologists talking about traditional masculinity  ABC News

New American Psychology Association guidelines offer psychologists new ways to talk about masculinity with male patients.


St. Louis Cardinals: The psychology of the 2019 Cardinals  Redbird Rants

How psychology of the St. Louis Cardinals, Adam Wainwright, Chris Carpenter, the handling of the mental process. As well as the rest of the Redbirds.


Mental Wellness in Sport  Psychology Today

Are you interested in optimizing your personal performance, or the performance of your agency? Science shows performance optimization is all about positive ...


What Is Pain?  Psychology Today

Do you experience pain on a regular basis? Understanding the newest brain science can provide some important clues to the mysteries of pain in the human ...


Are Big Dogs Smarter Than Small Dogs?  Psychology Today

Does the fact that larger dogs generally have larger brains mean that bigger dog breeds are smarter than smaller dog breeds?


Grab the eggs! Grab the milk! The psychology behind your storm grocery list  WHEC

As soon as there is a threat of bad weather, we all run to the grocery store to pick up the essentials...


What’s behind the confidence of the incompetent? This suddenly popular psychological phenomenon.  The Washington Post

The Dunning-Kruger effect has gotten a surge of interest during the Trump administration.


How wagerers can better handle psychology of risk versus reward  New York Post

Human psychology gets in the way of smart sports betting from a variety of directions. While it's becoming more widely understood that it affects betting choices, ...


Adverse Childhood Experiences  Psychology Today

Adverse childhood experiences and adult health consequences.


A passion for visual perception and psychology OT : Practitioner stories  AOP

Mark Hickton is a lecturer on the ophthalmic dispensing courses at Bradford College. The main subjects he teaches are optics, ophthalmic lenses, and ...


What Modern Science Is Saying About Teen Sleep  Psychology Today

Teenage sleep is a unique time in the sleep lifecycle—and teen sleep amounts have been on the decline for decades.


5 Barriers to Critical Thinking  Psychology Today

Five barriers to thinking critically that are useful to consider when applying critical thinking in everyday settings.


Sharon Van Etten changes the psychology of her songwriting on 'Remind Me Tomorrow'  Los Angeles Times

The singer-songwriter's new album is part of a bold life approach that includes studying to be a psychologist and moving to L.A., where she feels more open.


Trading Psychology – Knowles Corporation (KN), Tellurian Inc. (TELL)  NMSU Nеws

The shares of Knowles Corporation (NYSE:KN) went up during the trading session by $0.45 on Thursday, trading at $14.00. At the moment, the company has a ...


What Does It Take to Have a Healthy Personality?  Psychology Today

If you had to characterize the ideal personality, what criteria would you use? New research shows that experts agree on 4 basic qualities that can make you truly ...


Southeast Psychology Alumna Now Full-Time Actress in Los Angeles  Southeast Missouri State University News

Alumna Kathryn Taylor Smith has accomplished much in the years since her 1993 graduation from Southeast Missouri State University. From television acting to ...


6 Tips for Compassionate Listening  Psychology Today

Compassionate listening is a critical skill for a strong relationship, so that your partner feels cared for and understood. Here are six key elements of listening ...


Cerebellum May Drive Addictive Behavior via Dopamine Release  Psychology Today

The cerebellum may regulate reward-driven behavior, addiction, and sociability by modulating the release of dopamine, according to a new study.


Aging Anxiety and Facebook's 10-Year Challenge  Psychology Today

Facebook's Ten-Year challenge shows how anxious many of us are about aging. Books can help banish that anxiety.


Psychologists -- and Gillette -- are right about 'traditional masculinity'  CNN

Trying to live up to ideals of manliness can have disastrous consequences -- which both the American Psychological Association and brands like Gillette are ...


Climate Change Denial  Psychology Today

Why do so many people persist in resisting the reality of climate change? The psychology of denial offers some clues.


Psychologists defend claim of “destructive aspects” to masculinity  Ars Technica

The American Psychological Association is on the defensive over its newly released clinical guidance (PDF) for treating boys and men, which links traditional ...


The Psychological Hack That Can Help You Save More Money  Fatherly

In this edition of "Bank of Dad" our columnist tackles the age-old question: how the hell can I get better at saving money?


Psychology Can Help You Get Your Head Around the Wall Debate  Psychology Today

by Dr. Raj Persaud. Walls, barriers, borders, and boundaries all serve strong emotional functions deep in our psyche, which may explain why they arouse such ...


18 Useful Tips from 2018 Psychology and Health Research  Psychology Today

Out of the zillions of research papers published in 2018, I've chosen 18 that offer easy tips for living a more fulfilling life. While I've focused on my usual “beat” of ...


American Psychological Association links 'masculinity ideology' to homophobia, misogyny  NBCNews.com

For the first time in its 127-year history, the American Psychological Association has issued guidelines to help psychologists specifically address the issues of ...


Psychologists Issue Controversial Report on Masculinity  Psychology Today

Earlier this week, the APA released practice guidelines on recommended treatment concerns regarding men and masculinity. The guidelines have sparked ...


Sexual abuse allegations from 15 years ago lead to license revocation for Minneapolis psychologist  Star Tribune

The discovery of alleged sexual abuse of a teenage patient 15 years ago has prompted the Minnesota Board of Psychology to revoke the license of a ...


10 Reasons Why Americans Are Unfriending Facebook  Psychology Today

Pew research shows that more people are distancing themselves from the social media platform.


Lyons: Psychology's theories don't always stand test of time  Danville Commercial News

Decades later, I can still recall exactly where I was sitting when I first realized that the prevailing psychological dogma of the day was bunk. As a graduate ...


Can Improved Health Care Access Reduce Sexual Violence?  Psychology Today

Might Medicaid expansion be associated with prevention of sexual violence?


A Letter to Teens About the Science of Popularity  Psychology Today

(Note: This letter is an excerpt from the book "Popular: Finding Happiness and Success in a World That Cares Too Much About the Wrong Kinds of ...


Do Status Symbols Help You Make New Friends?  Psychology Today

Driving fancy cars, wearing luxury brands, and associating yourself with status has its privileges. People are more likely to turn their heads and shower you with ...


Marie Kondo's tidying isn't just about appearances. There's a psychological and spiritual upside, too  CNN

Marie Kondo's tidying trend has benefits beyond clearing up space in your home. Decluttering also raises self-esteem, lifts moods, brings peace and improves ...


January 2019  Psychology Today

Writer Dani Shapiro decided to take a DNA test as a lark. The test results revealed far more than she could have imagined. The Power—and Pitfalls—of Incivility ...


'Hockey genius,' Syracuse Crunch coach Benoit Groulx talks...  The Athletic

SYRACUSE, N.Y. — When I first pitched the idea to Benoit Groulx to watch the Tampa Bay Lightning-Dallas Stars game with him Tuesday night, he was ...


Trading Psychology – MetLife, Inc. (MET), E*TRADE Financial Corporation (ETFC)  NMSU Nеws

The shares of MetLife, Inc. (NYSE:MET) went up during the trading session by $0.18 on Thursday, trading at $45.05. At the moment, the company has a ...


'Psychology of extremism': People most opposed to GMO crops are least informed about science  Genetic Literacy Project

The people who hold the most extreme views opposing genetically modified (GM) foods think they know most about GM food science, but actually know the least ...


The Power of Purpose and Meaning in Life  Psychology Today

The secret to healthy aging? A new study reveals the powerful, positive and pervasive effects of filling life with people and activities that feel worthwhile.


The Psychological Science of Taking Friendlier Selfies  Psychology Today

Want to seem more likable in selfies? New research helps to explain why tilting your head can make you look more approachable in photographs and ...


Psychology’s five revelations for finding your true calling  Qrius

Secondly, having an unanswered calling in life is worse than having no calling at all.


5 Ways to Get Over a Grudge  Psychology Today

Holding a grudge can make your relationships unpleasant, if not miserable. New research suggests the 5 best ways to help you get past that grudge and move ...


Rising Rates of College Mental Health Services Utilization  Psychology Today

The first two decades of the 21st century have witnessed a steady rise in rates of mental health problems among college-aged youth. Scientific publications ...


Is the Psychology of Deadly Force Ready for the Courts?  Scientific American

Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they change our understanding of the ...


Beware Strange Psychologists: The Latest in Crime Novels  The New York Times

Marilyn Stasio's column travels from Manhattan to Australia to England to a forest that has hidden a dead body for 30 years.


Trading Psychology – Chesapeake Energy Corporation (CHK), Sirius XM Holdings Inc. (SIRI)  NMSU Nеws

The shares of Chesapeake Energy Corporation (NYSE:CHK) went up during the trading session by $0.04 on Thursday, trading at $2.89. The stock has a ...


Your Heart and Brain Are Working Against You in Avalanche Terrain  Powder Magazine

If you're a backcountry skier, you spend a lot of time thinking about the snowpack. You pay attention to the impacts of weather and time on the layers hidden ...


American Psychological Association: 'Traditional Masculinity' Is Harmful  The Daily Beast

For the first time ever, the American Psychological Association has issued guidelines to help psychologists working with men and boys. The new guidelines say ...



A Complete Psychological Analysis of Trump's Support  Psychology Today

Baffled by Donald Trump's political invincibility? Here are 14 reasons why people continue to support the president despite behavior that would have sunk any ...


Your Mental Health Is Everything  Psychology Today

Your mental health is everything. Here's how to protect it this year.


How to use psychology to deflect awkward Christmas conversations  Wired.co.uk

Christmas holidays can be wonderful – time off work, eating yourself into a stupor, drinking for no reason – but it's also when you're most likely to run into ...


What Stops You From Thinking Differently?  Psychology Today

How mentally flexible are you? The Einstellung effect can give you a glimpse.


35 Facial Expressions That Convey Emotions Across Cultures  Psychology Today

Do you find it difficult to choose the perfect smiley-face emoji when trying to convey happy emotions in a text message? Although many emojis look very similar, ...


The American Psychological Association released a takedown of “traditional” masculinity, and men are furious  HelloGiggles

The APA released a guide for therapists on how to treat men and boys dealing with toxic masculinity, and some men are outraged by it.


Posted by Anonymous  Psychology Today

Under ancestral human conditions, anonymous communication was virtually non-existent. These days, it's a part of everyday life. Here's why that's a problem.


Fake news is bad for your mental health, Region psychologists say  nwitimes.com

Fake news is more than a political catch phrase, according to two Region psychologists who say it's affecting people in ways they may not realize.


Psychological distress is a risk factor for dementia  Science Daily

A new study suggests that vital exhaustion -- which can be perceived as an indicator of psychological distress -- is a risk factor for future risk of dementia.


Sport psychologist Mia Stellberg | PRISM S1E2  Red Bull

Meet Mia Stellberg, a sport psychologist specialising in esports. She understands that players' wellbeing is a key factor in their ability to perform at their best.


Food Insecurity Linked to Poor Psychological Well-Being  PsychCentral.com

A new study finds that people who experience food insecurity have a lower quality of life and less psychological well-being. Researchers at the University of.


4 Signs You're in a Dead-End Relationship  Psychology Today

Are you in a dead-end relationship? Can you relate to any of these four red flags?


Why is Dr. Pimple Popper a hit? The psychology behind the gross videos  TODAY

“Dr. Pimple Popper” is the ultimate co-star of gross online videos, sharing the spotlight with cysts, blackheads and other skin conditions she treats on camera.


Don't Be a Prisoner of Your Past: Attachment and Memory  Psychology Today

As recently as a few years ago, I still could not stand to paint the inside of my house. Painting always seemed to me to be a quiet activity with lots of time for a ...


Former Queen's psychology professor known for groundbreaking research  The Kingston Whig-Standard

A Queen's University professor emeritus of psychology, known for his groundbreaking research in the field of risk and safety, has died.Gerrit (Gerry) Wilde died ...


Bitcoin and Trading Psychology  CoinCentral

Do you make Bitcoin trades at the worst possible time? Learn how to embrace a healthy Bitcoin trading psychology for better trading results.


Parental Alienation as Child Abuse and Family Violence  Psychology Today

Stopping parental alienating behaviors is imperative for the promotion of the best interests of children and the health of families.


We need to talk about the psychological effects of sports injuries  Metro.co.uk

Getting injured doing something you love is the worst. It's the bittersweet risk we run as sports lovers - the harder we push, the harder we can fall. And no...


Does race impact police use of deadly force?  Police News

A major part of the equation in a given police-citizen deadly force encounter is accounted for by the subject's age and gender.


Social Anxiety's Newest Theory and the 7 Links to Depression  Psychology Today

Social anxiety disorder and depression are both highly prevalent psychological disorders. New research shows the 7 key ways they overlap and what this may ...


Abandoning the tribe: The psychology behind why veterans struggle to transition to civilian life  NEWSREP

I had seen the cliff coming for six months before I eventually fell off it, and I thought I had prepared myself well for the fall. I was wrong. Having.


Forget Wealth—MacKenzie Bezos May End Up Healthier  Psychology Today

MacKenzie and Jeff Bezos just decided to divorce. While many quickly calculated how wealthy MacKenzie will be after divorcing Jeff Bezos, the real question is ...


American Psychological Association Labels 'Traditional Masculinity' as 'Harmful'  Townhall

According to the American Psychological Association (APA), being a traditional man is now considered on par with a mental disorder. For the first time ever, the ...


Professor Dies, Colleagues Remember His 50+ Years at SCSU  WJON News

A professor that dedicated over 50 years to St. Cloud State University has passed away and his legacy will forever be ingrained on campus.


The Two Types of Psychopath  Psychology Today

The hallmark of narcissistic personality disorder is grandiosity. The narcissist harbors a strong sense of entitlement, self-aggrandizing fantasies, and a craving for ...


Stop Doing These 3 Things and You'll be Happier  Psychology Today

Want to feel happier? Then stop doing these three joy killers!


Blame: A Not-So-Guilty Pleasure  Psychology Today

Everyone wants us to quit blaming and to start forgiving. But is this possible—or even desirable?


Sandra Dombroski Fritsch, 72, psychologist who used Parkinson's insights to support others  Philly.com

Sandra Dombroski Fritsch, 72, of Chestnut Hill, a psychologist who lived with Parkinson's disease for 23 years and drew on her insights to become a source of ...


Bad air pollution linked to increased psychological distress  AccuWeather.com

Air pollution is the fourth-largest threat to human health, behind high blood pressure, dietary risks and smoking, and it has been linked to mental distress as well.


Trading Psychology – CorMedix, Inc. (CRMD), Tyme Technologies, Inc. (TYME)  NMSU Nеws

The shares of CorMedix, Inc. (NYSE:CRMD) went up during the trading session by $0.26 on Tuesday, trading at $1.89. The stock has a 52-week low of $0.17 ...


The Unbearable Heaviness of Clutter  The New York Times

A cluttered home can be a stressful home, researchers are learning.


On school psychologists, North Carolina doesn't measure up  The Progressive Pulse

The National Association of School Psychologist recommends school districts employ one psychologist for every 500 to 700 students. Ellen Essick, a section ...


'Happiness' exercises can boost mood in those recovering from substance use disorder  Science Daily

Brief, text-based, self-administered exercises can significantly increase in-the-moment happiness for adults recovering from substance use disorders, report ...


Bond Market Volatility: Has the Psychology Shifted?  Elliott Wave International

Interest Rates Pro *Service* gives you timely forecasts to help you capitalize on trends in bonds and prepare for the next move. Learn More · ElliottWaveTV.


Why a Narcissist Will Never Back Down  Psychology Today

In a conflict-ridden standoff, arriving at a consensus can seem impossible. New research shows how this is made worse with people whose narcissism makes ...


Mindfulness May Enhance the Performance of US Special Forces  Psychology Today

Mindfulness training significantly enhances the performance of elite US special forces, a new study has discovered. Even the simplest of mindfulness exercises ...


The Fight Over Men Is Shaping Our Political Future  The New York Times

Not to mention the present — and the way we think about the past.


Is Sex Good for Us?  Psychology Today

Many more negative than positive articles about sex have been published in four major journals since the 1960s. What explains the negativity bias in sex ...


Resilience and Forgiveness  Psychology Today

Dr. Everett Worthington, the world's leading forgiveness researcher, explains the different types of forgiveness and how we can cultivate the ability to forgive.


Greenwich Neighbors Steaming over Psychology Practice Serving Groups in Residential Neighborhood  Greenwich Free Press

The proposed location for a Resident Medical Professional Office is on the corner of Bruce Park Drive and Kinsman Lane. On Tuesday night, during a marathon ...


It's time to redefine 'masculinity'  Big Think

APA Guidelines for the Psychological Practice of Boys and Men represents the first time the association has published rules specifically for treating white, ...


‘We’re not entitled:’ Psychologist urges social media users to take a step back from Jayme Closs case  WITI FOX 6 Milwaukee

BARRON -- The man accused of kidnapping Jayme Closs and killing her parents was moved to the Polk County Jail from Barron County, the sheriff announced ...


This Could Be the Most Important Personality Trait. Really.  Psychology Today

Many articles tout short lists of the "keys" to leadership, productivity, or well-being. Often they are presented as personality traits. Usually I'm skeptical, but I feel ...


Hitman 2 is funny, violent, and nothing to worry about, say psychologists  SYFY WIRE

In Hitman 2, as in so many mainstream video games, the only way to reach the end is to kill a whole lot of people. What sets the game apart, though, is how ...


Dog Breeds Don't Have Distinct Personalities  Psychology Today

Personality traits are often used to characterize a breed. However, individual variation, even among littermates and siblings, makes such stereotypes unreliable.


home | site map
© 2007