Metaphors of the Mind (Part I)
The brain (and, by implication, the Mind) has been compared to the latest technological innovation in every generation. The computer metaphor is now in vogue. Computer hardware metaphors were replaced by software metaphors and, lately, by (neuronal) network metaphors. Such attempts to understand by comparison are common in every field of human knowledge. Architects and mathematicians have lately come up with the structural concept of "tensegrity" to explain the phenomenon of life. The tendency of humans to see patterns and structures everywhere (even where there are none) is well documented and probably has its survival value added.
Another trend is to discount these metaphors as erroneous, irrelevant, or deceptively misleading. Yet, these metaphors are generated by the same Mind that is to be described by them. The entities or processes to which the brain is compared are also "brain-children", the results of "brain-storming", conceived by "minds". What is a computer, a software application, a communications network if not a (material) representation of cerebral events?
In other words, a necessary and sufficient connection must exist between ANYTHING created by humans and the minds of humans. Even a gas pump must have a "mind-correlate". It is also conceivable that representations of the "non-human" parts of the Universe exist in our minds, whether a-priori (not deriving from experience) or a-posteriori (dependent upon experience). This "correlation", "emulation", "simulation", "representation" (in short : close connection) between the "excretions", "output", "spin-offs", "products" of the human mind and the human mind itself - is a key to understanding it.
This claim is an instance of a much broader category of claims: that we can learn about the artist by his art, about a creator by his creation, and generally: about the origin by any of its derivatives, inheritors, successors, products and similes.
This general contention is especially strong when the origin and the product share the same nature. If the origin is human (father) and the product is human (child) - there is an enormous amount of data to be safely and certainly derived from the product and these data will surely apply to the origin. The closer the origin and the product - the more we can learn about the origin. The computer is a "thinking machine" (however limited, simulated, recursive and mechanical). Similarly, the brain is a "thinking machine" (admittedly much more agile, versatile, non-linear, maybe even qualitatively different). Whatever the disparity between the two (and there is bound to be a large one), they must be closely related to one another. This close relatedness is by virtue of two facts: (1) They are both "thinking machines" and, much more important: (2) the latter is the product of the former. Thus, the computer metaphor is unusually strong. Should an organic computer come to be, the metaphor will strengthen. Should a quantum computer be realized - some aspects of the metaphor will, undoubtedly, be enhanced.
By the way, the converse hypothesis is not necessarily true: that by knowing the origin we can anticipate the products. There are too many free variables here. The existence of a product "collapses" our set of probabilities and increases our knowledge - to use Bohr's metaphor.
The origin exists as a "wave function": a series of potentialities with attached probabilities, the potentials being the logically and physically possible products.
But what can be learned about the origin by a crude comparison to the product? Mostly traits and attributes related to structure and to function. These are easily observable. Is this sufficient? Can we learn anything about the "true nature" of the origin? The answer is negative. It is negative in general: we can not aspire or hope to know anything about the "true nature" of anything. This is the realm of metaphysics, not of physics. Quantum Mechanics provides an astonishingly accurate description of micro-processes and of the Universe without saying anything meaningful about both. Modern physics strives to predict rightly - rather to expound upon this or that worldview. It describes - it does not explain. Where interpretations are offered (e.g., the Copenhagen interpretation of Quantum Mechanics) they run into insurmountable obstacles and philosophical snags. Thus, modern science is metaphorical and uses a myriad of metaphors (particles and waves, to mention but two prominent ones). Metaphors have proven themselves to be useful scientific tools in the "thinking scientist's" kit.
Moreover, a metaphor can develop and its development closely traces the developmental phases of the origin. Take the computer software metaphor as an example:
At the dawn of computing the composition of software applications was serial, in machine language and with strict separation of data (called: "structures") and instruction code (called: "functions" or "procedures"). This was really a "biological" phase akin to the development of the embryonic brain (mind). The machine language closely matched the physical wiring of the hardware. In the case of biology, the instructions (DNA) are also insulated from the data (amino acids and other life substances). Databases were handled on a "listing" basis ("flat file"), were serial and had no intrinsic relationship to each other (an alphabetic order is an extrinsic order, imposed from the outside and existing only in the mind of the "imposer"). They were in the state of a substrate, ready to be acted upon. Only when "mixed" in the computer (as the application was run) did functions operate on structures.
This was, quite expectedly, followed by the "relational" organization of data (a primitive example of which is the spreadsheet). Data items were related to each other through mathematical formulas. This is the equivalent of the wiring of the brain, as the pregnancy progresses.
The latest evolutionary phase has been the OOPS (Object Oriented Programming Systems). Objects are modules which contain BOTH data and instructions in self contained units. The user is acquainted with the FUNCTIONS performed by these objects - but not with their STRUCTURE, INTERNAL COMMUNICATIONS AND PROCESSES. Objects, in other words, are "black boxes" (am engineering term). The programmer is unable to tell HOW the object does what it does, how does external, useful function arise from internal, hidden ones. Objects are epiphenomenal, emergent, phase transient. In short: much closer to reality as we came to describe it in modern physics.
Communication can be established among these black boxes - but it is not the communication (its speed or efficacy) that determine the overall efficiency of the system. It is the hierarchical and at the same time fuzzy organization of the objects which does the trick. Objects are organized in classes which define their (actualized and potential) properties. The object's behaviour (what it does and to what it is allowed to react) is defined by its very belonging to the class. Moreover, a principle of "inheritance" is in operation: objects can be organized in new (sub) classes, inherit all the definitions and characteristics of the original class plus new properties which distinguish it from its origin. In a way, these newly emergent classes are the products and the classes that they derived from are the origin. This process so closely resembles natural phenomena that it lends additional credibility to the metaphor.
Thus, classes can be used as building blocks. Their permutations define the set of all soluble problems. It can be proven that Turing Machines are a private instance of a general, much stronger, class theory (back to the Principia Mathematica). The integration of hardware (computer, brain) and software (computer applications, mind) is done through "framework applications" which adjust the two elements structurally and functionally. An equivalent must be found in the brain (a priori categories, a collective unconscious?).
We use the term evolution because one phase replaces another. Relational databases cannot be integrated with object oriented ones, for instance. To run Java applets, a "virtual machine" needs to be embedded in the operating system. These phases closely resemble the development of the brain-mind couplet.
When is a metaphor a good metaphor? When it teaches us something about the origin that could not have been gleaned without it. That it must possess some structural and functional resemblance we have already established. But this is not enough. This is merely the "quantitative, observational" aspect of the metaphor. There is also a qualitative one: it must be instructive, revealing, insightful, aesthetic, parsimonious - in short, it must establish a theory and the resulting hypotheses. A metaphor is a theory which is the result of given logical and aesthetic rules. It must be subjected to the rigorous testing demanded by science before it can be judged to be a reliable one.
If the software metaphor is correct, the brain must contain the following features:
Only if these six requirement are cumulatively met - can we say that the software metaphor is a strong one. Otherwise, we should be forced to neglect it in favour of a stronger one.
The brain is a paranoiac machine governed by Murphy's Laws. It assumes the worst, prepares for it and takes no chances. Precariously balanced, materially delicate, in charge of life itself it can - and does - take no chances.
About The Author
Sam Vaknin is the author of "Malignant Self Love - Narcissism Revisited" and the editor of mental health categories in The Open Directory, Suite101, and searcheurope.com.
His web site: http://samvak.tripod.com
Frequently asked questions regarding narcissism: http://samvak.tripod.com/faq1.html
Narcissistic Personality Disorder on Suite101: http://www.suite101.com/welcome.cfm/npd
Emotional support animals can be a psychological crutch | Opinion Florida Today
Congratulations to Walmart and other businesses that have common-sense policies concerning customers with pets. Unfortunately, more and more pet owners ...
Art & Soul: The Art Of Well Being - Benefits Of Positive Psychology And How To Apply It To Our Lives - WEMU
Art & Soul: The Art Of Well Being - Benefits Of Positive Psychology And How To Apply It To Our Lives WEMU
This week, "Art and Soul" focuses on the art of well being. 89.1 WEMU's Lisa Barry talks with Sarah Hong of Jewish Family Services of Washtenaw County.
7 Psychological Strategies to Strengthen Relationships Psychology Today
There are a number of well-researched psychological strategies that can help strengthen your love relationships. Here are seven strategies, the psychology ...
The Psychology Behind Kids' L.O.L. Surprise! Doll Obsession Mental Floss
How one toymaker cracked the code to make your kid beg for a pooping unicorn.
The Evolutionary Psychology Behind the LA Teachers' Strike Psychology Today
We're a union just by sayin' so. —Jack Kelly, Newsies. Here, I'm going to make the case that union organizing and demonstrating is in our blood as a species.
Psychology's replication crisis is debunking embodied cognition theory Quartz
Our thoughts are influenced by our bodies, but psychologists still haven't figured out how.
APA has new guidelines for psychologists talking about traditional masculinity ABC News
New American Psychology Association guidelines offer psychologists new ways to talk about masculinity with male patients.
St. Louis Cardinals: The psychology of the 2019 Cardinals Redbird Rants
How psychology of the St. Louis Cardinals, Adam Wainwright, Chris Carpenter, the handling of the mental process. As well as the rest of the Redbirds.
Mental Wellness in Sport Psychology Today
Are you interested in optimizing your personal performance, or the performance of your agency? Science shows performance optimization is all about positive ...
What Is Pain? Psychology Today
Do you experience pain on a regular basis? Understanding the newest brain science can provide some important clues to the mysteries of pain in the human ...
Are Big Dogs Smarter Than Small Dogs? Psychology Today
Does the fact that larger dogs generally have larger brains mean that bigger dog breeds are smarter than smaller dog breeds?
Grab the eggs! Grab the milk! The psychology behind your storm grocery list WHEC
As soon as there is a threat of bad weather, we all run to the grocery store to pick up the essentials...
What’s behind the confidence of the incompetent? This suddenly popular psychological phenomenon. - The Washington Post
What’s behind the confidence of the incompetent? This suddenly popular psychological phenomenon. The Washington Post
The Dunning-Kruger effect has gotten a surge of interest during the Trump administration.
How wagerers can better handle psychology of risk versus reward New York Post
Human psychology gets in the way of smart sports betting from a variety of directions. While it's becoming more widely understood that it affects betting choices, ...
Adverse Childhood Experiences Psychology Today
Adverse childhood experiences and adult health consequences.
A passion for visual perception and psychology OT : Practitioner stories AOP
Mark Hickton is a lecturer on the ophthalmic dispensing courses at Bradford College. The main subjects he teaches are optics, ophthalmic lenses, and ...
What Modern Science Is Saying About Teen Sleep Psychology Today
Teenage sleep is a unique time in the sleep lifecycle—and teen sleep amounts have been on the decline for decades.
5 Barriers to Critical Thinking Psychology Today
Five barriers to thinking critically that are useful to consider when applying critical thinking in everyday settings.
Sharon Van Etten changes the psychology of her songwriting on 'Remind Me Tomorrow' - Los Angeles Times
Sharon Van Etten changes the psychology of her songwriting on 'Remind Me Tomorrow' Los Angeles Times
The singer-songwriter's new album is part of a bold life approach that includes studying to be a psychologist and moving to L.A., where she feels more open.
Trading Psychology – Knowles Corporation (KN), Tellurian Inc. (TELL) NMSU Nеws
The shares of Knowles Corporation (NYSE:KN) went up during the trading session by $0.45 on Thursday, trading at $14.00. At the moment, the company has a ...
What Does It Take to Have a Healthy Personality? Psychology Today
If you had to characterize the ideal personality, what criteria would you use? New research shows that experts agree on 4 basic qualities that can make you truly ...
Southeast Psychology Alumna Now Full-Time Actress in Los Angeles - Southeast Missouri State University News
Southeast Psychology Alumna Now Full-Time Actress in Los Angeles Southeast Missouri State University News
Alumna Kathryn Taylor Smith has accomplished much in the years since her 1993 graduation from Southeast Missouri State University. From television acting to ...
6 Tips for Compassionate Listening Psychology Today
Compassionate listening is a critical skill for a strong relationship, so that your partner feels cared for and understood. Here are six key elements of listening ...
Cerebellum May Drive Addictive Behavior via Dopamine Release Psychology Today
The cerebellum may regulate reward-driven behavior, addiction, and sociability by modulating the release of dopamine, according to a new study.
Aging Anxiety and Facebook's 10-Year Challenge Psychology Today
Facebook's Ten-Year challenge shows how anxious many of us are about aging. Books can help banish that anxiety.
Psychologists -- and Gillette -- are right about 'traditional masculinity' CNN
Trying to live up to ideals of manliness can have disastrous consequences -- which both the American Psychological Association and brands like Gillette are ...
Climate Change Denial Psychology Today
Why do so many people persist in resisting the reality of climate change? The psychology of denial offers some clues.
Psychologists defend claim of “destructive aspects” to masculinity Ars Technica
The American Psychological Association is on the defensive over its newly released clinical guidance (PDF) for treating boys and men, which links traditional ...
The Psychological Hack That Can Help You Save More Money Fatherly
In this edition of "Bank of Dad" our columnist tackles the age-old question: how the hell can I get better at saving money?
Psychology Can Help You Get Your Head Around the Wall Debate Psychology Today
by Dr. Raj Persaud. Walls, barriers, borders, and boundaries all serve strong emotional functions deep in our psyche, which may explain why they arouse such ...
18 Useful Tips from 2018 Psychology and Health Research Psychology Today
Out of the zillions of research papers published in 2018, I've chosen 18 that offer easy tips for living a more fulfilling life. While I've focused on my usual “beat” of ...
American Psychological Association links 'masculinity ideology' to homophobia, misogyny - NBCNews.com
American Psychological Association links 'masculinity ideology' to homophobia, misogyny NBCNews.com
For the first time in its 127-year history, the American Psychological Association has issued guidelines to help psychologists specifically address the issues of ...
Psychologists Issue Controversial Report on Masculinity Psychology Today
Earlier this week, the APA released practice guidelines on recommended treatment concerns regarding men and masculinity. The guidelines have sparked ...
Sexual abuse allegations from 15 years ago lead to license revocation for Minneapolis psychologist - Star Tribune
Sexual abuse allegations from 15 years ago lead to license revocation for Minneapolis psychologist Star Tribune
The discovery of alleged sexual abuse of a teenage patient 15 years ago has prompted the Minnesota Board of Psychology to revoke the license of a ...
10 Reasons Why Americans Are Unfriending Facebook Psychology Today
Pew research shows that more people are distancing themselves from the social media platform.
Lyons: Psychology's theories don't always stand test of time Danville Commercial News
Decades later, I can still recall exactly where I was sitting when I first realized that the prevailing psychological dogma of the day was bunk. As a graduate ...
Can Improved Health Care Access Reduce Sexual Violence? Psychology Today
Might Medicaid expansion be associated with prevention of sexual violence?
A Letter to Teens About the Science of Popularity Psychology Today
(Note: This letter is an excerpt from the book "Popular: Finding Happiness and Success in a World That Cares Too Much About the Wrong Kinds of ...
Do Status Symbols Help You Make New Friends? Psychology Today
Driving fancy cars, wearing luxury brands, and associating yourself with status has its privileges. People are more likely to turn their heads and shower you with ...
Marie Kondo's tidying isn't just about appearances. There's a psychological and spiritual upside, too - CNN
Marie Kondo's tidying isn't just about appearances. There's a psychological and spiritual upside, too CNN
Marie Kondo's tidying trend has benefits beyond clearing up space in your home. Decluttering also raises self-esteem, lifts moods, brings peace and improves ...
January 2019 Psychology Today
Writer Dani Shapiro decided to take a DNA test as a lark. The test results revealed far more than she could have imagined. The Power—and Pitfalls—of Incivility ...
'Hockey genius,' Syracuse Crunch coach Benoit Groulx talks... The Athletic
SYRACUSE, N.Y. — When I first pitched the idea to Benoit Groulx to watch the Tampa Bay Lightning-Dallas Stars game with him Tuesday night, he was ...
Trading Psychology – MetLife, Inc. (MET), E*TRADE Financial Corporation (ETFC) NMSU Nеws
The shares of MetLife, Inc. (NYSE:MET) went up during the trading session by $0.18 on Thursday, trading at $45.05. At the moment, the company has a ...
'Psychology of extremism': People most opposed to GMO crops are least informed about science - Genetic Literacy Project
'Psychology of extremism': People most opposed to GMO crops are least informed about science Genetic Literacy Project
The people who hold the most extreme views opposing genetically modified (GM) foods think they know most about GM food science, but actually know the least ...
The Power of Purpose and Meaning in Life Psychology Today
The secret to healthy aging? A new study reveals the powerful, positive and pervasive effects of filling life with people and activities that feel worthwhile.
The Psychological Science of Taking Friendlier Selfies Psychology Today
Want to seem more likable in selfies? New research helps to explain why tilting your head can make you look more approachable in photographs and ...
Psychology’s five revelations for finding your true calling Qrius
Secondly, having an unanswered calling in life is worse than having no calling at all.
5 Ways to Get Over a Grudge Psychology Today
Holding a grudge can make your relationships unpleasant, if not miserable. New research suggests the 5 best ways to help you get past that grudge and move ...
Rising Rates of College Mental Health Services Utilization Psychology Today
The first two decades of the 21st century have witnessed a steady rise in rates of mental health problems among college-aged youth. Scientific publications ...
Is the Psychology of Deadly Force Ready for the Courts? Scientific American
Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they change our understanding of the ...
Beware Strange Psychologists: The Latest in Crime Novels The New York Times
Marilyn Stasio's column travels from Manhattan to Australia to England to a forest that has hidden a dead body for 30 years.
Trading Psychology – Chesapeake Energy Corporation (CHK), Sirius XM Holdings Inc. (SIRI) - NMSU Nеws
Trading Psychology – Chesapeake Energy Corporation (CHK), Sirius XM Holdings Inc. (SIRI) NMSU Nеws
The shares of Chesapeake Energy Corporation (NYSE:CHK) went up during the trading session by $0.04 on Thursday, trading at $2.89. The stock has a ...
Your Heart and Brain Are Working Against You in Avalanche Terrain Powder Magazine
If you're a backcountry skier, you spend a lot of time thinking about the snowpack. You pay attention to the impacts of weather and time on the layers hidden ...
American Psychological Association: 'Traditional Masculinity' Is Harmful The Daily Beast
For the first time ever, the American Psychological Association has issued guidelines to help psychologists working with men and boys. The new guidelines say ...
Things to Do in DC This Long Weekend: A New ARTECHOUSE Exhibit, the Psychology Behind Liars, and MLK Day Events - Washingtonian
Things to Do in DC This Long Weekend: A New ARTECHOUSE Exhibit, the Psychology Behind Liars, and MLK Day Events Washingtonian
You're going to have the best three-day weekend in DC.
A Complete Psychological Analysis of Trump's Support Psychology Today
Baffled by Donald Trump's political invincibility? Here are 14 reasons why people continue to support the president despite behavior that would have sunk any ...
Your Mental Health Is Everything Psychology Today
Your mental health is everything. Here's how to protect it this year.
How to use psychology to deflect awkward Christmas conversations Wired.co.uk
Christmas holidays can be wonderful – time off work, eating yourself into a stupor, drinking for no reason – but it's also when you're most likely to run into ...
What Stops You From Thinking Differently? Psychology Today
How mentally flexible are you? The Einstellung effect can give you a glimpse.
35 Facial Expressions That Convey Emotions Across Cultures Psychology Today
Do you find it difficult to choose the perfect smiley-face emoji when trying to convey happy emotions in a text message? Although many emojis look very similar, ...
The American Psychological Association released a takedown of “traditional” masculinity, and men are furious - HelloGiggles
The American Psychological Association released a takedown of “traditional” masculinity, and men are furious HelloGiggles
The APA released a guide for therapists on how to treat men and boys dealing with toxic masculinity, and some men are outraged by it.
Posted by Anonymous Psychology Today
Under ancestral human conditions, anonymous communication was virtually non-existent. These days, it's a part of everyday life. Here's why that's a problem.
Fake news is bad for your mental health, Region psychologists say nwitimes.com
Fake news is more than a political catch phrase, according to two Region psychologists who say it's affecting people in ways they may not realize.
Psychological distress is a risk factor for dementia Science Daily
A new study suggests that vital exhaustion -- which can be perceived as an indicator of psychological distress -- is a risk factor for future risk of dementia.
Sport psychologist Mia Stellberg | PRISM S1E2 Red Bull
Meet Mia Stellberg, a sport psychologist specialising in esports. She understands that players' wellbeing is a key factor in their ability to perform at their best.
Food Insecurity Linked to Poor Psychological Well-Being PsychCentral.com
A new study finds that people who experience food insecurity have a lower quality of life and less psychological well-being. Researchers at the University of.
4 Signs You're in a Dead-End Relationship Psychology Today
Are you in a dead-end relationship? Can you relate to any of these four red flags?
Why is Dr. Pimple Popper a hit? The psychology behind the gross videos TODAY
“Dr. Pimple Popper” is the ultimate co-star of gross online videos, sharing the spotlight with cysts, blackheads and other skin conditions she treats on camera.
Don't Be a Prisoner of Your Past: Attachment and Memory Psychology Today
As recently as a few years ago, I still could not stand to paint the inside of my house. Painting always seemed to me to be a quiet activity with lots of time for a ...
Former Queen's psychology professor known for groundbreaking research The Kingston Whig-Standard
A Queen's University professor emeritus of psychology, known for his groundbreaking research in the field of risk and safety, has died.Gerrit (Gerry) Wilde died ...
Bitcoin and Trading Psychology CoinCentral
Do you make Bitcoin trades at the worst possible time? Learn how to embrace a healthy Bitcoin trading psychology for better trading results.
Parental Alienation as Child Abuse and Family Violence Psychology Today
Stopping parental alienating behaviors is imperative for the promotion of the best interests of children and the health of families.
We need to talk about the psychological effects of sports injuries Metro.co.uk
Getting injured doing something you love is the worst. It's the bittersweet risk we run as sports lovers - the harder we push, the harder we can fall. And no...
Does race impact police use of deadly force? Police News
A major part of the equation in a given police-citizen deadly force encounter is accounted for by the subject's age and gender.
Social Anxiety's Newest Theory and the 7 Links to Depression Psychology Today
Social anxiety disorder and depression are both highly prevalent psychological disorders. New research shows the 7 key ways they overlap and what this may ...
Abandoning the tribe: The psychology behind why veterans struggle to transition to civilian life - NEWSREP
Abandoning the tribe: The psychology behind why veterans struggle to transition to civilian life NEWSREP
I had seen the cliff coming for six months before I eventually fell off it, and I thought I had prepared myself well for the fall. I was wrong. Having.
Forget Wealth—MacKenzie Bezos May End Up Healthier Psychology Today
MacKenzie and Jeff Bezos just decided to divorce. While many quickly calculated how wealthy MacKenzie will be after divorcing Jeff Bezos, the real question is ...
American Psychological Association Labels 'Traditional Masculinity' as 'Harmful' Townhall
According to the American Psychological Association (APA), being a traditional man is now considered on par with a mental disorder. For the first time ever, the ...
Professor Dies, Colleagues Remember His 50+ Years at SCSU WJON News
A professor that dedicated over 50 years to St. Cloud State University has passed away and his legacy will forever be ingrained on campus.
The Two Types of Psychopath Psychology Today
The hallmark of narcissistic personality disorder is grandiosity. The narcissist harbors a strong sense of entitlement, self-aggrandizing fantasies, and a craving for ...
Stop Doing These 3 Things and You'll be Happier Psychology Today
Want to feel happier? Then stop doing these three joy killers!
Blame: A Not-So-Guilty Pleasure Psychology Today
Everyone wants us to quit blaming and to start forgiving. But is this possible—or even desirable?
Sandra Dombroski Fritsch, 72, psychologist who used Parkinson's insights to support others - Philly.com
Sandra Dombroski Fritsch, 72, psychologist who used Parkinson's insights to support others Philly.com
Sandra Dombroski Fritsch, 72, of Chestnut Hill, a psychologist who lived with Parkinson's disease for 23 years and drew on her insights to become a source of ...
Bad air pollution linked to increased psychological distress AccuWeather.com
Air pollution is the fourth-largest threat to human health, behind high blood pressure, dietary risks and smoking, and it has been linked to mental distress as well.
Trading Psychology – CorMedix, Inc. (CRMD), Tyme Technologies, Inc. (TYME) NMSU Nеws
The shares of CorMedix, Inc. (NYSE:CRMD) went up during the trading session by $0.26 on Tuesday, trading at $1.89. The stock has a 52-week low of $0.17 ...
The Unbearable Heaviness of Clutter The New York Times
A cluttered home can be a stressful home, researchers are learning.
On school psychologists, North Carolina doesn't measure up The Progressive Pulse
The National Association of School Psychologist recommends school districts employ one psychologist for every 500 to 700 students. Ellen Essick, a section ...
'Happiness' exercises can boost mood in those recovering from substance use disorder - Science Daily
'Happiness' exercises can boost mood in those recovering from substance use disorder Science Daily
Brief, text-based, self-administered exercises can significantly increase in-the-moment happiness for adults recovering from substance use disorders, report ...
Bond Market Volatility: Has the Psychology Shifted? Elliott Wave International
Interest Rates Pro *Service* gives you timely forecasts to help you capitalize on trends in bonds and prepare for the next move. Learn More · ElliottWaveTV.
Why a Narcissist Will Never Back Down Psychology Today
In a conflict-ridden standoff, arriving at a consensus can seem impossible. New research shows how this is made worse with people whose narcissism makes ...
Mindfulness May Enhance the Performance of US Special Forces Psychology Today
Mindfulness training significantly enhances the performance of elite US special forces, a new study has discovered. Even the simplest of mindfulness exercises ...
The Fight Over Men Is Shaping Our Political Future The New York Times
Not to mention the present — and the way we think about the past.
Is Sex Good for Us? Psychology Today
Many more negative than positive articles about sex have been published in four major journals since the 1960s. What explains the negativity bias in sex ...
Resilience and Forgiveness Psychology Today
Dr. Everett Worthington, the world's leading forgiveness researcher, explains the different types of forgiveness and how we can cultivate the ability to forgive.
Greenwich Neighbors Steaming over Psychology Practice Serving Groups in Residential Neighborhood - Greenwich Free Press
Greenwich Neighbors Steaming over Psychology Practice Serving Groups in Residential Neighborhood Greenwich Free Press
The proposed location for a Resident Medical Professional Office is on the corner of Bruce Park Drive and Kinsman Lane. On Tuesday night, during a marathon ...
It's time to redefine 'masculinity' Big Think
APA Guidelines for the Psychological Practice of Boys and Men represents the first time the association has published rules specifically for treating white, ...
‘We’re not entitled:’ Psychologist urges social media users to take a step back from Jayme Closs case - WITI FOX 6 Milwaukee
‘We’re not entitled:’ Psychologist urges social media users to take a step back from Jayme Closs case WITI FOX 6 Milwaukee
BARRON -- The man accused of kidnapping Jayme Closs and killing her parents was moved to the Polk County Jail from Barron County, the sheriff announced ...
This Could Be the Most Important Personality Trait. Really. Psychology Today
Many articles tout short lists of the "keys" to leadership, productivity, or well-being. Often they are presented as personality traits. Usually I'm skeptical, but I feel ...
Hitman 2 is funny, violent, and nothing to worry about, say psychologists SYFY WIRE
In Hitman 2, as in so many mainstream video games, the only way to reach the end is to kill a whole lot of people. What sets the game apart, though, is how ...
Dog Breeds Don't Have Distinct Personalities Psychology Today
Personality traits are often used to characterize a breed. However, individual variation, even among littermates and siblings, makes such stereotypes unreliable.
Birds in the Room Alter Sleep Patterns of Humans
Birds have always been considered good pets of modern day humans. It seems our living in close proximity may have given us a closer bond than we know.
Morality As A Mental State
INTRODUCTIONMoral values, rules, principles, and judgements are often thought of as beliefs or as true beliefs. Those who hold them to be true beliefs also annex to them a warrant or a justification (from the "real world").
Why Other Children are Rejecting Your Child
IntroductionDeveloping healthy peer relationships is critical for the normal development of a child. Peer relationships have been found to be an important predictor of positive adult adjustment and behavior.
Creating A Winning Mindset
Do you know anyone who always wins? Sure you know that person, everything just works out for them. They go into business and they are an instant success.
The Undeniable Power of Suggestion
How exactly is the Human Psyche effected by the trivial "power of suggestion?" When a thought or seed is planted into the human mind, the psyche responsively triggers a lingering product of that thought. For example, urban legends have been circulated throughout history; in doing so, a mindset is incorporated into the psyche, creating a deceitful illusion that cannot distinguish fact from fiction.
Self Hypnosis or Shelf Hypnosis?
Self hypnosis is usually thought of as a person listening to an audio tape, mp3, or other mass-produced media, intended to induce a willingness to absorb suggestions centered around a specific topic such as weight loss, stop smoking, etc. Unfortunately, this kind of hypnosis is generally prepared by someone who has never met the person being hypnotized, often presenting unwanted, even unpleasant imagery and suggestions.
Animal Cruelty: The Key to Serial Minds
What makes a common person a Serial Killer? According to research, serial killers exhibit what is known as the 'Triad of Warning Signs in Childhood.'1Indicators include:* Firestarting, invariably just for the thrill of destroying things* Cruelty to Animals: Most children can be cruel to animals, such as pulling the legs off of spiders, but future serial killers often kill larger animals, like dogs and cats, and frequently for their solitary enjoyment rather than to impress peers.
Panic Attacks: Effective Ways to Cope
Jill is a 21 y/o college student who used to do well until about a few months ago when she started to experience "weird" attacks almost daily. She described her experience as "horrible.
The Mind, Information, and Attitude
Information is flowing to us at a great rate. The radio, television, the internet, advertising, newspapers and magazines are giving us information all day.
Intro to Being an ADHD Parent
In my fifteen years of private practice working with children with ADHD, one of the common concerns that I observed by parents was the fear that they had done something, or failed to do something, that caused their child's ADHD. I guess it is normal to blame yourself when your child is having problems.
Ericksons Theory of Human Development
I'm sure you've heard the term "Identity Crisis" before. It's thought of as a conflict of self and society and its introduction came from one of the most famous psychoanalyst of the 20th century.
Even though hypnosis has been around officially since the 1700s (Franz Anton Mesmer), there are still questions as to its validity and benefits. For the most part, these questions stem from fear and ignorance.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Neurologically Based
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a neurologically based disorder. This position has become controversial as many would like to dismiss the diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder altogether saying that there is no evidence of neurological differences, or that there are no medical tests to diagnose ADD ADHD, or that the diagnostic criteria is too broad.
Human Psychological Issues in the Recruitment of Suicide Bombers
Swedish Scientists did a study and found that young men with low intelligence scores were more likely to commit suicide."Researchers from Sweden's Karolinska Institute analyzed test scores for 987,308 armed forced recruits and then cross-referenced the data with those who subsequently committed suicide over 26 years - a total of almost 3,000.
What Is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a medical condition. It is caused by genetic factors that result in certain neurological differences.
The Essence of Being Human
What does it mean to be Human? Well if you reflect on your thoughts and behaviors and those of the individuals around you on this planet since the beginning of our existence here I think you will likely come to the conclusion that to wear the label Human is not exactly endearing or desirable.The death and destruction that we have brought to ourselves, others and the environment is clearly evident.
Are Observations Objective?
On the outset all observations may seem to be objective, but in reality subjectivity tends to shape the objective observations. The observations can be categorized into three for better understanding Objective, Subjective, medley of subjective/objective observations.
Do You Love Your Body?
Through out the course of one's life one is faced with and accumulates a history of emotional trauma that becomes stored in ones's energy field. Such trauma poses many problems.
The Diagnosis Myth
Although I risk dissension by doing so, I must say something that I think many of us in the mental health community have acknowledged for quite some time: every single diagnosis of a mental disorder is fallible.Before I proceed, I should note the value of diagnoses.
Rediscovering the Mind
From the viewpoint of a modern microbiologist, we hear the call for integration and common sense in sciences that are all too often devising separate stakes and battlements to pontificate from, on high. The 'experts' thus proving their ignorance because the result inevitably is specious ego and puffery.
|home | site map|